The scientific name for a sea turtle is a "Chelonioidea"
Completely coastal; does not go beyond the continental shelf
Depending on the species, sea turtles may be carnivorous, herbivorous , or omnivorous. The jaw structure of many species is adapted for their diet. Green sea turtles have finely serrated jaws adapted for a vegetarian diet of sea grasses and algae.
Depending on the species, sea turtles range in color; they can be olive-green, yellow, greenish-brown, reddish-brown, or even black in color. The green sea turtle gets its name from the color of its body fat. Limbs are flippers adapted for swimming. Sea turtles are awkward and vulnerable on land.
Females come ashore on a sandy beach to nest a few weeks after mating. Female sea turtles must come ashore to build nests and lay their eggs. Females of most species usually come ashore at night, alone, most often during high tide.
- Sea turtles inhabit all of the world's oceans except the Arctic.
- The adult male sea turtles have longer and thicker tails than females.
- The oldest sea turtle fossils date back about 150 million years, making them some of the oldest creatures on earth.
- Their eggs look like ping pong balls.