The French Revolution By:Breanna Hess

What caused the French Revolution

The reason for the French Revolution was the nation's debt, the refusal of nobility and the clergy to pay taxes. On May tenth 1789 King Louis XVI calls the estates general. After France fell into financial problems following the war, King Louis XVI sensed trouble and tried to stop it before it grew further. This was the first time the Estates-General had been called in around 180 years. June twelve 1789 the tennis court act was sworn by the National Assembly. The third estate formed the National Assembly, a group "of the People," and as the National Assembly they swore the Tennis Court Oath. This is the first action by the Third Estate to create their independence, and the first time they publicly went against the king. July fourteenth 1789 an angry mob attacked the Bastille. The main reason they attacked the Bastille was because the weapons stored inside. This was the second public rebellion against the king, and the first violent one. January twenty-first 1793 King Louis was executed by guillotine. After he was put on trial on August of 1792, on January 17 King Louis XVI is sent to death on charges of "conspiracy against liberty” and was then executed.

The storming of Bastille

Was the French Revolution successful? Well I say yes and no. Their was many bad things and many good things that happened during the French Revolution. One of the many good things that happened was the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen that came out in August 1798. Another positive thing that happened was in September 1791 King Louis XVI accepted the Constitution formally. Then two years later King Louis was killed by the guillotine because of conspiracy with foreign power. The worst thing during the French Revolution happened on September fifth, 1793 the start of the start of Reign of Terror. In some ways the French Revolution was successful and in some ways it was not successful.

Napolean: Hero or Villan?

Napoleon Bonaparte one of the biggest heros for the French empire to others villan. Napolean conquered so much territory for the French. June 14, 1807 Napolean defeats the Russians at the Battle of Friedland. The battle of Friedland was a very intense battle because on August 1, 1798 under the command of Admiral Nelson, the British fleet destroys the French navy in the Battle of Aboukir. Before Napolean defeated the British on May 10, 1796 Napoleon wins the Battle of Lodi, on November 17, 1796 Napoleon won the Battle of Arcole, on January 14, 1797 Napoleon won the Battle of Rivoli. Making him a hero for the French empire. He had defeated so many army's for the French.

On May 4, 1814 Napoleon is exiled to Elba; his wife and son take refuge in Vienna. Napolean had a few loses but who doesn't. In total Napolean had lots of wins and a few losses compared to wins. Wins don't make you a hero though what made Napolean a hero was the fact that he went to jail he got exiled and he still fought for the French. He had conquered so much territory helping the French get some back and even gain some territory. To the British and other army's he defeated he would have been a villain and a force to be reckoned with. To the French and Me he should be considered as a hero.

How did other countries react to the French Revolution.

The French Revolution impacted other countries in multiple ways. In Europe, the revolution led to multiple wars between many countries and the French. It also led to the rise of Napoleon and the empire he won. In Haiti, during the French Revolution was a French colony called Saint Domingue, independence rally's started when the National Assembly passed the Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen. If all men are free, shouldn't that include the enslaved in the French colony? All men in Haiti were given freedom, until Napoleon's need for money to pay for his wars in the early 19th century. After a few years of fighting for Napolean, the Haitian fought for freedom from France, an action caused by the Revolution. When Haiti became free leaders in South America like Simon Bolivar were inspired to fight for freedom in many South American colonies, and most achieved independence.

In Europe, other nations that had similar problems and political struggles of France. Some countries that attempted revolution include Italy, Prussia, Austria, and Germany. These were called the revolutions of 1848 and were inspired by the French Revolution. The idea was that if the citizens of France could overthrow their King. While monarchs fought hard to suppress this thought, and in most cases won, it still shows how great an impact the French Revolution was on Europe. After the Revolution, Napoleon Bonaparte staged a coup d'etat and took control of France. During his reign as emperor, he helped the French Empire grow across Europe, attacked British oversea territories, and ultimately bankrupted France. His rule was not successful, and he was replaced by a King. The French Revolution's principles were spread throughout Europe because of Napoleon

How did Napolean effect other countries?

Napoleon impacted both Europe and the world around him in multiple ways throughout his life time. When thinking about Napoleon’s impact, we have to realize that he did not necessarily try to create the impacts that he did. Around the world, Napoleon had less of a direct impact. He did impact the Americas in diffrent ways. When his armies took over Spain and Portugal, they interrupted those countries’ ways of ruling their colonies in Central and South America. This contributed to the cause of the war of liberation in the 1800s. In addition, Napoleon sold the Louisiana Territory to the United States, making the US a much larger country and eventually more powerful.

Created By
Breanna Hess

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