It is unknown as to if the coral reefs of the deep blue sea will ever die off, but just how close are we to their extinction? From concluded research of the New Caledonia barrier reef, coral bleaching has become a big problem. Coral Bleaching is the third stage of a dying coral; coral's start out full of life living in groups and when affected by threatening climate, pollution or man made destruction; they will die. Lately this has been a serious problem because it is happening to so many coral reefs. These once bright and blooming corals are now turning brown and lifeless and it's affecting a lot of organisms homes in the deep blue. Researchers such as Richard Vever's traveled the globe to go explore these dying corals and used an SFX camera to pick up the florescent colors of the coral reef .
The New Caledonia barrier reef is just a small portion of the coral bleaching that's been recurring. This ongoing problem has been getting worse since 2014 and has spread from Florida to Australia. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, (NOAA), has also stated that this is the longest ongoing bleaching ever and there are no signs of it stopping anytime soon. 2014 was recorded as the hottest summer in 2014 and then was topped with an even hotter climate in 2016 which has affected the corals negatively. It takes a temperature 1°C (1.8°F) above average to cause damage to corals.
New Caledonia Barrier Reef
Some corals from the New Caledonia have been able to recover due to the temperature decrease. A recent survey of some area's in New Caledonia's barrier reef suggested that a third of the region's most beautiful coral reefs have already died off unable to be revived. These corals provide homes to many marine organisms and without these, these animals can die off as well. Looking into future ways to solve this problem has become difficult because temperatures are only expected to increase and we can't rebuild the coral reefs. One major problem is the ocean acidification which is a reduction in the Ph levels found in ocean water caused by a large amount of carbon dioxide in the water. Some of the hydrogen ions from this combine with the carbonate forming a bicarbonate which can affect corals badly considering they use the carbonates for their exoskeletons.
.Eventually if nothing is done about the drastic climate change, these corals will will have no hope of surviving. The bleached coral can possibly survive if the temperatures cool down. If these coral reefs die out, a good percentage of fish will be loosing there habitats and have no food to survive. The future prediction is that we won't be able to change these serious climate changes unless actual effort is put into it. Not now, or maybe not in 5 years from now but these corals will eventually die off if global warming and pollution continue to occur.