Queen Elizabeth I Lianne nguyen 6th period

In a time period of what was considered England's Golden Age, there was a sole ruler who has been described as one of the greatest English monarchs. This monarch was none other than Queen Elizabeth I. England's Golden Age was also known as the Elizabethan Era and for a good reason. Queen Elizabeth I was responsible for England's flourishment during the the mid 1500's to early 1600's. Elizabeth's life was characterized into three periods: before her reign, during reign, and after reign.

Before Her Reign as Queen Elizabeth I

Elizabeth's early life was filled with many troubles and hardships, however there were many key events that eventually helped her in her rise to the crown and in her success as queen.

Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn

Queen Elizabeth I was born in Greenwich, England to Henry VIII and his second wife Anne Boleyn. As a girl she was not intentionally supposed to succeed the throne and to Henry VIII, "the birth of a second daughter was a bitter disappointment that dangerously weakened the new queen’s position,"(Greenblatt). Anne Boleyn was eventually beheaded when Elizabeth was at the age of 3 and the effects of this on her were unknown. Even though Elizabeth was not the ideal born ruler this could be seen as what drove her to be a great ruler.

Young Princess Elizabeth

Henry VIII married a third wife named Jane Seymour who birthed him a son, Edward. Although he would be named heir due to him being the only male successor, she still received education that was usually reserved for male heirs. Her education course consisted of classical languages, history, rhetoric, and moral philosophy. Her tutor even wrote that "'Her mind has no womanly weakness...'"(Greenblatt) In spite of being a woman Elizabeth did appear as such when it came to her education. Elizabeth was now considered third in line for the throne with Edward being first and her sister Mary being second. In spite of this, she still obtained the education usually given to male heirs. This helped her all throughout her reign.

Queen Elizabeth I's Coronation

Being third in line, it was unlikely for her to take the throne, but in the end she did. After the death of Edward and Queen Mary I she was "proclaimed Queen of England"(Alchin) on January 13, 1559. Her ascension to the throne was the beginning of her reign as queen and became one of the key moments of her life.

accomplishments and feats During her reign

During her reign, she had a wide variety of accomplishments especially when it came to art, trade, theater, literature, science, and others.

Sir Francis Drake and William Shakespeare

During Elizabeth's time many famous poets, playwrights and explorers emerged. For instance people such as "William Shakespeare, Edmund Spenser, Christopher Marlowe and Sir Walter Raleigh...Sir Francis Drake, Sir Walter Raleigh, Sir John Hawkins, Sir Humphrey Gilbert and Sir Richard Greenville,"(Alchin) arose during her time. Many of these people helped in making England's Golden Age come about with their creations and discoveries.

Queen Elizabeth I

Although Elizabeth was a woman she still became a great ruler recognized all throughout England. It even states that, "Queen Elizabeth achieved recognition for England as a leading power in Europe and lead England as a woman, in what was very much a man's World. She did this with courage, intelligence and loyalty to her friends"(Alchin). Elizabeth being a woman was underestimated by her critics and enemies. However, in spite of that she came out on top as one of England's greatest rulers.

Under Elizabeth, England advanced in many areas of life. She was able to form a major merchant company and incorporate popular pleasures into her kingdom. In fact, because she did such things her court became a "center for musicians, scholars, and writers"(Bumgardner). With Elizabeth the East India Company was formed and many things such as music, dance, archery, pageants, etc flourished in her kingdom. She was able to give the people entertainment and fun during her reign all while balancing the problems going on around her.

Elizabeth encouraged many aspects of life while on the throne. Her reign "witnessed widespread increase in literacy and great achievements in the art", "significant expansion overseas", and "new scientific thinking of the renaissance"(Alchin). Not only did she help embrace art, but she also helped embrace science and different ways of thinking.

Elizabeth's Legacy

As queen, Elizabeth did many amazing that left an everlasting mark on England. She left behind an incredible legacy that people to this day still remember.

Queen Elizabeth's name was used to name one of England's most prosperous times. Her devotion to her country and subjects will be remembered throughout the centuries. To add on to her amazing reputation, she "dazzled even her greatest enemies. Her sense of duty was admirable, though it came at great personal cost. She was committed above all else to preserving English peace and stability; her genuine love for her subjects was legendary,"(Hanson). She was truly a noble and caring queen. Being able to gain the love and respect of her subjects was no easy task considering how her royal life began but, she accomplished it with no problems.

Queen Elizabeth I was given many nicknames as a result of her reign. Her nicknames included the Virgin Queen, Gloriana, and Good Queen Bess. Also, despite how many times she was pressured to do so, she never married and was still able to make England flourish. In the period in which she ruled, art, drama, poetry and literature gained more support and popularity. With her rule, England "flourished politically, financially, internationally and also in the field of art,"(Mahabal). Her advancements in all sorts of different fields made England truly blossom and her reign was the peak of England's success at the time. With that she was able to turn a broken country into a golden united nation.

Elizabeth in her death bed

Elizabeth died in 1603 after she unclearly named Mary Stuart's Protestant son, James, her successor. She died a peaceful death listening to music and lying in bed. Surrounded by her councillors and ladies in waiting, "Queen Elizabeth I died on March 24, 1603 of blood poisoning at the age of nearly 70 years of age,"(Alchin). At the time she had never officially named her successor and so as she lay there she ended up signaling that this was her wish. Due to her never having children, she decided that James was to be her successor. Her reign had been a wonderful time for England and after her death it all seemed to end.

The Elizabethan Era will forever be known as England's Golden Age and it is all thanks to one ruler named Queen Elizabeth I. With her embrace of the arts, sciences, and other fields, she was able to expand England's horizons and make it prosper in all categories. She is continually argued to be one of England's greatest monarchs of all time and will continue to have a great reputation attached to her name. As shown above, that is the monarch who gave way to England's very own Elizabethan Era. Her life before, during, and after her reign defined her life as a whole.

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