Argentina By: Joey & Kyra

Introduction: Argentina is a country torn by political conflict between the military and civilian factions. There have been many military coups and many weak civilian governments as well, so Argentina has not had it easy in terms of having a stable government.

Population: 43,886,748 people

World Ranking (population): 33rd

Economy: Although Argentina benefits from rich natural resources, it struggled with debt and inflation. In fact almost 60% of the people were below poverty line. Under the Fernandez De Kitchener government, they tried to resolve many of the issues, which made the problems that they already had worse. After Macri became president, the capital controls increased and his administration is working their way to help the country get out of debt.

World Ranking(GDP): 27

Unemployment rate- 8% as of 2016

World Ranking for unemployment rate - 87th

Main industries: food processing, motor vehicles, consumer durables, textiles, chemicals and petrochemicals, printing, metallurgy, steel.

Government type - Presidential republic- that is when a president is elected by the general public, much like the system the United States uses.

Capital: Buenos Aires

Administrative divisions - 23 provinces as well as 1 autonomous city, Buenos Aires. Provinces are like states, only they’re more autonomous than actual states. One example of a country with provinces that comes easily to mind is Canada.

Independence: July 9th, 1816

Constitution - Argentina’s latest constitution was ratified in 1853 and the last amendment they made to it was in 2016.

Legal system: Congress passed government-backed reform to the civil code that will go into effect in 2016.

Voting age - 16 to 17 is optional, 18 to 70 is compulsory as well as universal, unlike the United States.

Executive branch:

  • Chief of state: President Mauricio MACRI.
  • Cabinet elections : is appointed by the president. The president and vice president directly elected on the same ballot by qualified majority popular vote for a 4-year term.

Legislative division- bicameral, consists of the Senate(term is 6 years, every 2 years one-third is cycled out via election) and the Chamber of Deputies(members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by proportional representation vote)

Judicial branch: judges are nominated by the president and approved by the Senate.

Credits:

Created with images by Quim Pagans - "Argentina flag"

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