Communism in China By Quaid Anthony

Communism has affected China for many centuries. The writer of The Communist Manifesto, Karl Marx, had a large influence on the communist party in China at the time.

Mao Zedong was greatly influenced by the communist party, but didn't see all of its ideals as correct.

In China Mao Zedong created his own communist party in 1927, which then he lead a revolution and obtained total power in 1947. Mao split from the original form of Marxism-Leninism tradition and created Maoism. This form is more of the Chinese form of Communism. Mao wished that the coexistence between communist and capitalist wouldn't be and the dominance of communism would overthrow capitalism.

The Maoists started a strong communist tradition, instituting the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution. Many Chinese found the Great Leap a grande failure, because many people starved to death.

The current constitution was created in 1982 and been continually revised since. The constitution includes many civil rights: free speech, press, worship, the right to trial, and the right to own private property. However, in practice this constitution has widely not been followed. There has been very little done to ensure that new laws instituted follow the constitution. The judicial system does not provide any particular method for review of new laws

Mao Tse-tung is a book of statements from speeches and writings by Mao Zedong, the former Chairman of the Communist Party of China, published from 1964 to about 1976 and widely distributed during the Cultural Revolution

Communist philosophy centers around the control of the "means of production" in society. This means of production is the physical and labor capital that is used to produce the different goods in society. In strict communist theory the "means of production" is collectively owned by the people in a community, to insure that all the people will get the products that they themselves desire.

Although Communism in practice appears to fail in promoting work ethics and motivation, some segments of the computer industry have successfully created communal communities that work together effectively. Furthermore, instead of working in expectation of economic gain, these computing communities exist simply to provide welfare to the public.

Communism, as a primarily economic system, is much quieter on the issue of individual human rights. Two conflicting positions on these freedoms arise with analysis of communist theory. The first is an argument against individual freedoms. In a communist society, the individual's best interests are indistinguishable from the society's best interest. Thus, the idea of an individual freedom is incompatible with a communist ideology. The only reason to hold individual speech and information rights would be to better the society, a condition which would likely be met only in certain instances rather than across time, making the default a lack of freedom.

Nowadays, just about everything is at least partly privatized. Whereas the Chinese Communist Party under Chairman Mao owned every factory and farm in the nation, the economy is now a patchwork of public and private businesses. Schools can also be state-run or private.


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