In Asia, many countries have implemented rare disease policies to facilitate the review of orphan drugs consistent with the US and EU. Asian countries, including Singapore, Japan, Taiwan and Korea, have adopted standard of care policies to include: (1) defining rare diseases; (2) formulating supportive policy and measures for rare disease patients; (3) establishing rare diseases databases; and (4) requiring insurance framework to cover the expenses of rare disease treatment. Although, not all of Asia has progressed their policies as far as their neighboring jurisdictions.
China, which serves the world’s largest rare disease population, has taken some steps to advance their initiatives in rare disease legislation and just recently drafted a rare disease policy in 2017. Although this is a step in the right direction for patient access to treatment for the acute management of their rare disease. The policy is has not yet been approved and delay has impacted patient access of orphan drugs to patients effectively. Similarly, India had delayed to take action on the critical challenges with its rare disease policies, which do not go far enough with almost 7 million people suffering from rare diseases in the country. India has successfully implemented a rare disease policy enabling effective patient treatment access as of 2017.
While China finalizes its rare disease initiative, they have established networks to temporarily support patient access, for example, the Chinese National Birth Defects Monitoring Network has monitored rare diseases, including relevant prevention, diagnosis and research, since 1986 in the country. However, these policies are only partial measures and surely not adequate enough to manage the demands of the country’s rare disease population need for orphan drug access.
Many frontier markets have also moved a little to further their orphan drug approval policies, although economic opportunities exist within Indonesia, and in some African countries, to progress this agenda.
Created with images by Pexels - "architecture art bright color famous japanese culture" • Nathaniel Tetteh - "Family First" • Jorge Vidal - "Brick houses in Barcelona" • Wilson Hui - "Hong Kong Skyline at Night - Star Ferry" • RussBowling - "Suzhou, China" • Thomas Depenbusch (Depi) - "Wuxi, Jiangsu, China" • smokefish - "lama tibet vicissitudes old monk china tibet" • Seth Doyle - "untitled image" • Trevor Cole - "Light and land" • Patrick Tomasso - "untitled image" • Amanda Kae's Photoz - "mama elephant" • Devanath - "harmony relax rock moqui stone nature meditation" • Public_Domain_Photography - "flag banner nation" • Pat Guiney - "Paris Pharmacy Cross" • Aaron Burden - "untitled image" • JOSHUA COLEMAN - "Medicine Cabinet pt 2" • Jannik Skorna - "untitled image" • 1980supra - "stars background blue photoshop color space sky"