Introduction to animal agriculture
What are some main various resources available from animal agriculture in canada?
Dairy cows, poultry, pigs, beef cattle and sheep are the main resources from Animal Agriculture in Canada are now raised in specialized, single-species farms and housed in cramped feeding operations for a specific part of their lives. These main resources are important because Canada’s domestic meat consumption per capita is pretty high and also Canada is usually included in the top 10 global exporters of beef and pork products.
Extraction of Resources
Hatching Egg Production: Represents 230 farmers from British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario and Quebec. There are two different type of eggs, the white or brown egg and the broiler hatching egg. The differences between the type of eggs are the white or brown egg is produced for especially human consumption and purchased first in grocery stores, while the broiler hatching egg is a fertilized egg that is shipped to hatcheries where they are placed into specialized incubators and hatch 21 days later into broiler chicks. These broiler chicks are then sold to chicken farmers who raise them into chickens. The cycle of turning a broiler hatching egg into a fully grown chicken takes about nine weeks.
Pig Production: With revenues amounting to over three billion Canadian dollars, the pork sector accounts for 30% of total livestock shipments and for 10% of all farm cash receipts. Hog production is a important part of Canada's agricultural economy. Each province shares in this production in quality and in volume. All hog production in Canada takes place in a controlled environment which suggest the truth that, at all times of the year, animals are kept in buildings specialized to giving birth to piglets growing and finishing areas of raising market hogs. The most common hog production today is a specialized give birth to piglets to finish operation of 200 to 250 plants, which can be managed efficiently by a single family. Healthy quality breeding stock is the cornerstone of our hog industry. A strong infrastructure is in place and working in Canada to organize the progressing program of swine improvement. In 1984, Canada introduced a sow productivity and management system and for the last three years, our sow productivity improved 11 % while looking to other leading hog producing countries recording increases of 1% to 2%
Issues related to animal agriculture
Climate Change: Animal agriculture is responsible for 18 percent of greenhouse emissions which is more than the entire transportation sector. The industry is more harmful to our global climate because 65 percent of nitrous gas emissions which is a greenhouse gas 296 times more destructive than CO2 is a result of animal agriculture.
Deforestation: Every second, 1-2 acres of rainforest are cleaned for grazing livestock or growing animal feed. Up to 137 plant, animals and insects species are lost everyday. Amazon rainforest which is home for at least 10 percent of the worlds known biodiversity. 91 percent of deforestation is caused by animal agriculture.
AVOIDING ANIMAL AGRICULTURE
Individuals who follow a 100% plant-based diet produces the equivalent of 50% less carbon dioxide, uses 1/11 oil, 1/13 water, 1/18 land, compared to an average american meat consumer for their food. Everyday a plant-based diet individual saves 1,100 gallons of water, 45 pounds of grain, 30 square feet of forested land, 20 pounds of CO2 equivalent and one animals life.
SUSTAINING ANIMAL AGRICULTURE
Environment: Sustainable farmers are aware of the impact of their farming practices on the environment. For this reason, they try to limit their use of non-renewable resources. This helps keep the environment healthy and keeps farmers from depending too much on resources that could run out. When farmers use their outputs such as manure to create new inputs such as fertilizer, this is known to be a sustainable practice because the farmer is not creating excess waste that pollutes the environment.
Economy: One of the problems in agriculture is the unpredictability of the weather. Meaning everything from drought to heavy thunderstorms can kill crops or raising an animal species, the farmer will grow and raise smaller number of various types of plants and animals. For example if a disease kills all of their tomatoes, the farmer still has beans to sell, and if corn prices are low, they can feed the corn to their cows and turn it into beef, which will later be sold for a higher price.
Community: Community Supported Agriculture farms are where community members buy shares in the farm and in return receive baskets of food every week. In this system, farmers have an income in the beginning of the farming season, when the farmer needs to buy seeds and equipment. Without community shares, the farmer have to borrow money to grow crops. Buying shares in a farm can help prevent the farmer from going into debt. In return, community members get fresh, local food.
Animal AGRICULTURE IN CANADA
Amount of food products Canada exported
- In 2007, total shipments valued at $21 billion
- In 2010, Canada exported $2.7 billion worth of pork products to 130 countries
- In 2010, Canada exported $1.3 billion worth of beef to 60 countries
Employment in Animal Agriculture
- Employs 1/8 in Canadians and accounts for 8.2% of GDP
- In 2008, 327,000 Canadians were employed
- In 2008, average income for farm families was $100,031, up from $72,792 in 2003
How is Canada dependent on Animal Agriculture
- We produce 80% of the worlds maple syrup
- We are the largest exporter of flaxseed, canola, pulses and durum wheat
- 4 million beef cattle in Canada
- 26 million pigs are raised in Canada each year, making us the worlds third largest exporter of pork products