There is a massive variety of plants on the Galapagos Islands. These are some examples; a prickly pear cactus, beach morning glory, black mangrove, and the Galapagos cotton flowers.
The Galapagos Archipelago was discovered by accident in 1535, when Tomas de Berlanga, the first Bishop of Panama, drifted off course while sailing from Panama to Peru. For more than three centuries after their discovery, the Galapagos were used as a base by a succession of buccaneers, sealers and whalers. The islands provided sheltered anchorage, firewood, water and an abundance of fresh food in the form of the giant Galapagos tortoises. The Galapagos most famous visitor was Charles Darwin, who arrived in 1835 aboard the British naval vessel the Beagle. Darwin stayed for five weeks, 19 days of which were spent on four of the larger islands, making notes and collecting specimens that provided important evidence for his theory of evolution, which he would later formulate and publish, but not for decades after.