History of the Microscope By: Isaac HernandeZ

Robert Hooke

BIrth date

July 28, 1635

Death date

March 3, 1703 (at the age of 67)

Place of Birth

Freshwater, Isle of Wight, England


Academic, Scholar, Physicist, and Scientist


His most famous observations were in his study of thin slices of cork, describing the pores, or "cells" he viewed. Hooke had discovered plant cells, or more precisely, Hooke had been viewing the cell walls in cork tissue.

Juicy fact

His brother committed suicide at the age of 48

On 27 March 1678, Robert’s brother John committed suicide by hanging himself. The reason for his action is not certain. He was 48 years old at the time of his death.

Robert Hooke's Microscope


Desborough, Jane. "Jane Desborough." Science Museum Blog. N.p., 02 Apr. 2015. Web. 16 Jan. 2017. <https://blog.sciencemuseum.org.uk/the-micrographia-microscope/>.

The Microscope , History Of. "Microscope history: Robert Hooke (1635 - 1703)." Robert Hooke's microscope discoveries - Hooke's Macrographia. N.p., 2010. Web. 16 Jan. 2017. <http://www.history-of-the-microscope.org/robert-hooke-microscope-history-micrographia.php>.

Zacharias Janssen

BIrth Date

1585 (Month and Day not found)

Death date

Some time before 1632 or 1638

Place of bIrth

The Hague, Netherlands


Spectacle-maker (sometimes counterfeiter)


Invented of the first optical telescope. Janssen is sometimes also credited for inventing the first truly compound microscope.

Juicy Fact

Inspiring other famous scientists

His invention inspired many other famous scientists like Galileo Galilei. But they tried to claim to be the first to create this Microscope.

Zacharias Jansen's Microscope

Antonio, Leroy . "Hans and Zacharias Jansen: A complete microscope history." Hans and Zacharias Jansen - A complete microscope history. N.p., 2010. Web. 16 Jan. 2017. <http://www.history-of-the-microscope.org/hans-and-zacharias-jansen-microscope-history.php>.

Ajaib , Kompi . "My Article." ~ My Article. N.p., 2012. Web. 16 Jan. 2017. <http://www.ib-article.com/2012/07/biography-zacharias-janssen-inventor-of.html>.

Anton van Leeuwenhoek

Birth date

October 24, 1632

Death date

August 26, 1723

Place of birth

Delft, Dutch Republic


Microscopist, biologist


Anton van Leeuwenhoek was the first scientist to closely observe cells under a microscope; he paved the way for a modern understanding of biology overall. He actually gave cells their name after the resemblance he believed they had to a monk's quarters. Anton van Leeuwenhoek is considered to be the father of microbiology.

Juicy fact

Anton van Leeuwenhoek was the first to discover bacteria, protozoa, rotifers, spermatozoa, Hydra and Volvox as well as parthenogenesis in aphids.

Anton's Microscope

Alvarez, Beckham . "Anton van Leeuwenhoek: A history of the compound microscope." Anton van Leeuwenhoek - History of the compound microscope. N.p., 2010. Web. 16 Jan. 2017. <http://www.history-of-the-microscope.org/anton-van-leeuwenhoek-microscope-history.php>.

Daniels , Braxton. "Ten fun facts about Anton van Leeuwenhoek." 10 facts about Anton van Leeuwenhoek - fun and interesting Anton van Leeuwenhoek facts. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Jan. 2017. <http://www.10-facts-about.com/Anton-van-Leeuwenhoek/id/378>.


Created with images by steei - "microscope"

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