Environmental influences on Genes: Diabetes Maria, Esmide

What is diabetes? Diabetes is a disease in which the body's ability to produce or respond to the hormone insulin is impaired, resulting in abnormal metabolism of carbs and elevated levels of glucose in the blood and urine.

What are some environmental influences that affect genes that cause diabetes? Eating UNHEALTHY food, lack of physical activity, carbohydrates, and exposure to chemical pollution. Yes, that can cause the disease.

You could get diabetes because of genetic mutations. For example, Monogenic diabetes is caused by mutations, or changes in a single gene. These changes are usually passed through families.

29.1 million people have diabetes in the United States. That's about 1 out of every 11 people. An estimated 2.5 million people living in North Carolina may have pre-diabetes. That's about 1 out of every 3 people. Risk of death for adults with diabetes is 50% higher than for adults without it.

What are some treatments for diabetes? Controlling blood sugar through diet, oral medications, or insulin is the main treatment. Regular screening for complication is also required. In type 1 diabetes, treatment aims at maintaining normal blood sugar levels through regular monitoring, insulin therapy, diet, and exercise. Type 2 diabetes treatments include diet, exercise, medication, and insulin therapy.

Total medical costs and lost work and wages for people with diagnosed diabetes is $245 billon. Medical costs for people with diabetes are twice as high as for people without diabetes. People with diagnosed diabetes incur average medical expenditures of about $13,700 per year, of which about $7,900 is attributed to diabetes.

Three things that you can do to try to avoid the disease is eat healthy, exercise regularly, and limit takeaway and process foods.

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