During the lecture examples taken from the history of science, presenting the role of the experiment in the popularization and teaching physics, will be given.
Various aspects of using the experiment as an universal teaching tool will be highlighted.
The state of education in Poland before regaining independence in 1918, the changes that have taken place in the interwar period and after World War II, as well as in recent years will also be presented. Particular emphasis will be placed on the context of equipping schools and universities with teaching aids and using those aids during lessons and academic lectures.
During the lecture, a simple didactic experiment with a fog chamber that allows observing of secondary cosmic rays and natural radioactive decay, will be performed.
This will allow us to connect the discovery of radium and the phenomenon of the first "children's university" - the famous "Spółdzielnia" - founded in 1907 by Maria Skłodowska-Curie, the extraordinary history of the „Star of Poland” - the world's largest stratospheric balloon built in the interwar period, the programs offered by the CERN Organisation for students and teachers of physics in Europe and also the project of the contemporary, global detector of cosmic ray particles „CREDO”, based on the use of smartphones.
Finally, the role and importance of non-formal education and activities undertaken to promote science by large laboratories and scientific institutions, science centers, science festivals, children's universities and many other actors in the field of education will be discussed.
The activity of the Polish Club of Physics Demonstrators, which is just celebrating its 20th anniversary, will also be briefly presented.
Dr Jerzy Jarosz, prof. UŚ is employed at the Faculty of Science and Technology of the University of Silesia, where he currently lectures on the methodology of science and natural sciences.
In the years 1983-2019, he headed the Laboratory of Didactics of Physics at the University of Silesia.
The didactic interests of prof. Jarosz are strongly associated with the design and application of the experiment in the university didactics and the popularisation of physics.
In the years 2006-2009, he hosted his author’s popular science program „Cogito” on TVP3.
Professor Jarosz co-founded the Silesian Science Cafe, organised the first several editions of the Chorzów Science Festival and was the program director of the first three editions of the Silesian Science Festival. Currently, for many years, he has been chairing the Polish Club of Physics Demonstrators and is the dean of the Children's University of Silesia.
Professor Jarosz also works in the organising committee of the „Nauki Przyrodnicze na Scenie” Festival organised at the ͏͏͏͏͏͏Adam Mickiewicz University and serves as a juror at the European Science on Stage Festival.
He has received many national and European awards for projects of teaching experiments and for popularising activities, including the award and the title of Science Populariser by Polish Press Agency PAP and the Ministry of Science and Higher Education, two EIROFORUM awards for physical experiment projects and the PPS Krzysztof Ernst Award for the Popularisation of Physics.