Mexico was conquered and colonized by Spain in the early 16th century. But, in the early 19th century it became an independent country. Mexico has many economic and social concerns including low real wages, high unemployment, unfair income distribution, and few advancement opportunities.
The green represents hope, joy, and love. The white represents peace and honesty. The red stands for heartiness, bravery, strength, and valor. The code of arms is derived from a legend that the wandering Aztec people were to settle at a location where they would never see an eagle eating a snake on a cactus. It was founded in Tenochtitlan, which is now Mexico City.
Population and World Ranking
Population- 123,166,749 people
World Ranking- 12
Comparison to the World- 91
Unemployment Rate- 9.6%
Mexico has industries in food and beverages, tobacco, chemicals, iron and steel, petroleum, mining, textiles, clothing, motor vehicles, consumer durables, and tourism.
Federal Presidential Republic, where the president is head of both the state and government.
31 states and 1 city; Aguascalientes, Baja California, Baja California Sur, Campeche, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila de Zaragoza, Colima, Cuidad de Mexico*, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico, Michoacan de Ocampo, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave (Veracruz), Yucatan, Zacatecas
Mexico's independence was declared on September 16, 1810.
There have been many versions of Mexico's constitution. The last version was approved on February 5, 1917. It was last amended in 2016.
Civil law system with US constitutional law influences.
Judicial review of legislative acts.
Suffrage (Voting Age)
18 years old
Chief of State: The President (currently Enrique Peña Nieto)
Cabinet: the cabinet is appointed by the president
Elections: The president is elected by simple majority vote for a single 6 year term.
128 seats; 96 members directly elected by simple majority vote and 32 directly elected in a single, nationwide constituency by proportional representation vote; members serve 6-year terms.
Consists of the chief justice and 11 justices and organized into civil, criminal, administrative, and labor panels.
Supreme Court justices nominated by the president of the republic and approved by two-thirds vote of the members present in the Senate; justices serve for life.