Eating Disorders Anorexia,Bulimia and Binge Eating

Eating disorders are serious disturbances in eating behavior and weight regulation.They are associated with a wide range of adverse psychological, physical, and social consequences.

Eating disorders are real, treatable medical illnesses. They frequently coexist with other illnesses such as depression, substance abuse, or anxiety disorders. And they have the highest mortality rate of any mental ilness.

Types of eating disorders

Anorexia

People with anorexia have a real fear of weight gain and a distorted view of their body size and shape. As a result, they eat very little and can become dangerously underweight. Others with anorexia may start developing different disorders .

Symptoms of anorexia nervosa include:

-Extremely low body weight

-Severe food restriction

-Relentless pursuit of thinness and unwillingness to maintain a normal or healthy weight

-Intense fear of gaining weight

-Distorted body image and self-esteem that is heavily influenced by perceptions of body weight and shape, or a denial of the seriousness of low body weight

-Lack of menstruation among girls and women.

Bulimia

People with bulimia nervosa have frequent episodes of eating large amounts of food and feel a lack of control over these episodes. This binge eating is followed by behavior that compensates for the overeating such as forced vomiting, excessive use of laxatives or diuretics, fasting, excessive exercise, or a combination of these behaviors.

Symptoms include:

Chronically inflamed and sore throat

Swollen salivary glands in the neck and jaw area

Worn tooth enamel, and increasingly sensitive and decaying teeth as a result of exposure to stomach acid

Acid reflux disorder and other gastrointestinal problems

Intestinal distress and irritation from laxative abuse

Severe dehydration from purging of fluids

Binge Eating

People with binge-eating disorder lose control over their eating. Unlike bulimia, periods of binge eating are not followed by compensatory behaviors. As a result, people with binge-eating disorder often are overweight or obese.

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