Crohn’s disease is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease characterized by inflammation of the digestive, or gastrointestinal tract. Crohn’s disease can affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract, from the mouth to the anus, but it is more commonly found at the end of the small intestine where it joins the beginning of the large intestine.
Diarrhea is a common problem for people with Crohn's disease. intestinal cramping also can contribute to loose stools.Fever and fatigue, Many people with Crohn's disease experience a low grade fever due to inflammation or infection. You may also feel tired or have low energy.Abdominal pain and cramping, Inflammation and ulceration can affect the normal movement of contents through your digestive tract and may lead to pain and cramping. You may experience anything from slight discomfort to severe pain, including nausea and vomiting.Blood in your stool, You might notice bright red blood in the toilet bowl or darker blood mixed with your stool. You can also have bleeding you don't see (occult blood).Mouth sores, You may have ulcers in your mouth similar to canker sores.Reduced appetite and weight loss, Abdominal pain and cramping and the inflammatory reaction in the wall of your bowel can affect both your appetite and your ability to digest and absorb food.
How to treat Crohn´s disease
Treatment for Crohn's disease usually involves drug therapy or, in certain cases surgery. There is currently no cure for the disease, and there is no treatment that works for everyone. Doctors use one of two approaches to treat, either step-up, which starts with milder drugs first, or top-down, which gives people stronger drugs earlier in the treatment process. The goal of medical treatment is to reduce the inflammation that triggers signs and symptoms. It is also to improve long-term by limiting complications. In the best cases, this may lead not only to symptom relief but also to long-term relief.