The American Revolution Michael Marquess

During the American Revolution the British fleet arrived to New York. General Howe was able to gain control of New York because he had placed Hessian mercenaries of New York. Howe gain control also because of their intimidation.

Also during the American Revolution the Americans took control of Montreal. The British stayed in Boston, so they could stay with the civilians during winter, and the Americans moved on and took control of Montreal. That was a pretty good win for the Americans.

The Stamp Act Congress of 1765 states the rights and grievances of the colonist. The acts was ordered by the king and Parliament. England did not like the act, so they just ignored it. It was a significant step toward intercolonial unity.

The Boston "Massacre" took place on March 5th 1770, but before it two British regiment troops were put in 1768. The troops were sent their to keep peace in Boston. Both sides of the incident took the blame, but two redcoats were actually guilty. The two soldiers were released after being branded on the hand.

In 1773 the British East India Company were facing bankruptcy. They had 17 million pounds of unsold tea. The British ministry awarded it a complete monopoly of the American tea business. The only way they could sell the tea was at a very low price. But the colonist saw this as an attempt to trick them into paying taxes.

One of the wars that happened was the Battle of Long Island. General Howe sent 20k British troops and Hessian mercenaries to Brooklyn. Washington only sent 10k to Brooklyn, the troops were commanded by Israel Putnam. 300 of Putnam's men were killed, 1,400 were captured and the rest escaped to Manhattan.

The Battle of Saratoga; On September 19th, British General John Burgoyne achieved a small, but costly victory over American forces led by Horatio Gates and Benedict Arnold. Though his troop strength had been weakened, Burgoyne again attacked the Americans at Bemis Heights on October 7th, but this time was defeated and forced to retreat. He surrendered ten days later, and the American victory convinced the French government to formally recognize the colonist’s cause and enter the war as their ally.

The Battle of Brandywine; On the afternoon of this day in 1777, General Sir William Howe and General Charles Cornwallis launch a full-scale British attack on General George Washington and the Patriot outpost at Brandywine Creek near Chadds Ford, in Delaware County, Pennsylvania, on the road linking Baltimore and Philadelphia.

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