Banff National Park
Banff National Park is both Canada's oldest and most visited national park. Banff National Park was established in 1885. Banff National Park is located in the Rocky Mountains and the eastern border of the park is around 100 km west of Calgary and Jasper National Park is at it's northern boundary. Banff National Park is home to the largest cave system in Canada and has a landscape with lakes, waterfalls, and mountains. There are many types of animals in this park including cougar, elk, moose, bald eagle, and mountain goats. This park has many recreational activities including campgrounds, skiing, resorts, lots of hiking trails, and has seven national historic sites.
Humans have been living in Banff National Park for over 10,000 years and was the traditional territory of several first nations groups. In 1877, there was a signing of a treaty with the Canadian government that extinguished the First Nations title of the land and was forced into reserves. In 1885, two years after the discovery, the Canadian government established a Hot Springs Reserve and with the help of the CPR, turned it into a tourist attraction. The park was initially named Rocky Mountains Park. In 1930, the park was renamed Banff National Park. In 1945, after several boundary changes since it's creation, the park was set to it's present day size (Finkelstein, et al). We should care about this park because there is a lot of history associated with the area of this park and there is a lot of fun activities to do while visiting the park.