The Spanish Inquisition
Muslims in Spain had to leave of become a Christian. Some of them got out of Spain, while many did not. Fake christians came about again, and Spain had no authority to enforce this law. The same happened with the Jews, in 1502. People were tortured and interrogated to make sure that they were changed to Christianity.
Gold diggers were people who married others to gain power or money. Juana, the daughter of Ferdinand and Isabel, marries Felipe of the powerful Habsburg family. Juana was called crazy and legend has it that when Felipe died, she carried his coffin through the streets of Granada, stopping often to kiss the corpse of the dead king.
He ruled from 1516 - 1556, as the son of Juana and Felipe. He is a not well liked emperor and he changed his name to Charles V. Then, he conquered the Incas and the Aztecs, making Spain rich.
Carlos V was known as "the road warrior." Carlos V used the funds that were pouring in from the colonies to subsidize the many religious wars he was fighting. Spain under Carlos V became one of the staunchest defenders of Catholicism, as it fought to stop the spread of the Protestant Reformation across Europe. He then passed on his legacy to his son Felipe II.
Felipe the 2nd
Felipe II continued the war against Protestants and married Mary Tudor of England in 1554. They try to make an alliance, and a male heir from this marriage would make it official. The problem was that they could not have a baby boy, so Elizabeth becomes the queen. When Portugal was annexed, the Dutch declared independance from Spain, which started a war involving England. In 1588, Spain's Armada was defeated by England.
- Palace of Felipe II, It Contains the Monastery, Basilica, Library, and Royal Residence. After defeat of Armada in 1588, Felipe II spent most of his time here, until he died there in his bed overlooking the altar of the basilica in 1598.
La leyenda Negra : Black Legend
It was England and Portugal’s way of getting back at Spain, propaganda telling people to not go to Spain.
- he was a painter from Greece who traveled to Spain, in search of work in the decoration of the el escorial. Felipe refused to hire him and el greco moved to Toledo.
More Habsburg Kings
Felipe II is succeeded by his son, the aptly named Felipe III (1598-1621). Felipe III dies and his son takes the throne. Felipe IV reigns from 1621-1665. Felipe IV reigns over one of the richest cultural periods in Spanish history: the Siglo de Oro.
The End of the Habsburgs
Felipe IV’s son, Carlos II is known as “El Hechizado” (“the Bewitched”). He died in 1700, leaving no heir to ascend to the throne of Spain.