10 ENG Language Features Recap


A metaphor is a word or phrase that is used to make a comparison between two people, things, animals, or places.

For example: The alligator’s teeth are white daggers.


A simile is a figure of speech that compares two things or persons which are not similar. The simile is usually in a phrase that begins with "as" or "like."

For example: "I slept like a log" or "As happy as a clam"


Onomatopoeia is word that mimics the sound of the object or action it refers to. When you pronounce a word, it will mimic its sound.

For example: For example: "bang", "clap", "pop"


Emotive language describes words and phrases meant to evoke an emotional response to a subject.

For example: "I was filled with glee!"


Personification is when you give human qualities to an object or animal.

For example: "The stars danced through the sky","the pen jumped off the table" or "The still waters shivered"


Expressing a command, request, or strong encouragement.

For example: "Go and clean your room, now!"

Personal Pronoun

I , we (first person, plural), you (2nd person, plural/ singular) etc.


The repeated use of the same word or word pattern as a rhetorical device.

For example: You are so, so, so funny!


an expression designed to call something to mind without mentioning it explicitly; an indirect or passing reference.

For example: “He was a real Romeo with the ladies.” (Making an Allusion to Romeo and Juliet)


Informal/ slang use of language, often specific to a place.

For example: "Sweet as bro".


A huge exaggeration for effect.

For example: "I'm so hungry i could eat a horse!"


correspondence of sound between words or the endings of words

Rhetorical Question

a question asked in order to create a dramatic effect or to make a point rather than to get an answer.

For example: 'Who do you think you are?"


The occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of closely connected words.

For example: "The sweet birds softly sang"

Features of Rap Part II

Task 1 - Read 'The Rose that Grew from Concrete by Tupac Shakur' (sung by Nikki Giovanni) and identify as many language features as you can.

THEN - Choose TWO of the language features you have identified and explain why you think Tupac used them. What effect did they have?

Task 2 - Read 'Harlem' by Langston Hughes and identify as many language features as you can.

THEN - Choose TWO of the language features you have identified and explain why you think Hughes used them. What effect did they have?

Task Three - In your books, answer the following questions:

What where the main ideas that you understood from both poems? What do you think the authors were trying to tell us?

Where their any similarities in the way the authors used language features? What did they do that was different?

Looking at both poems, how might you use language features in a similar way when writing your own rap?


Created with images by Simone_ph - "music microphone score" • skeeze - "alligator looking wildlife" • Heliophiliac, sentimental, nostalgic. - "Happy STARt" • avocadogirlfriend - "Water" • woodleywonderworks - "three rooms: daughter's bedroom," • eak_kkk - "lego doll the per" • Pezibear - "pattern background background pattern" • Chiemsee2016 - "horse brown animal portrait" • PublicDomainImages - "bird blue cristata"

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