Decentralisation Antonia + Hannah

Decentralisation is the strategic development in existing urban or regional “growth centres” to stem the growth in congested business districts into areas with larger capacities for growth.

Occurs when governments provide encouragement and incentives for various industries to move out of large metropolitan areas

Decentralisation can lead to growth in regional areas with the development of towns and services as the population grows.

Decentralisation can lead to growth in regional areas with the development of towns and services as the population grows.

By moving large industries out of large cities such as sydney into smaller towns it relocates people and engages the process of decentralisation

Key components of the Government's decentralisation policy agenda include:

  1. actively pursuing strategies and policies to encourage decentralisation - steady and strategic growth in regions
  2. ensuring the services people need to make regional living attractive and viable are available and of high quality
  3. giving increased local decision-making and participation to regional communities
  4. managing NSW's predicted population growth with a careful balance between green-fields, urban infill and regional housing growth
  5. providing infrastructure to increase the productivity and build the capacity of regional economies to grow
  6. identifying more public sector job opportunities for relocation to regional areas
  7. working with local government authorities, including regional councils and shires, to deliver the right priorities and the best value for local areas from the NSW roads budget.

Bathurst case study

The Bathurst-Orange area was selected in 1972 by the New South Wales government as a growth center to be planned and developed in accordance with selective decentralisation.

The state department, the Central Mapping Authority was relocated to Bathurst in 1975 along with several manufacturing firms. Clyde Engineering, Uncle Ben's, Devro (largest sausage skin manufacturer).

These firms were located in Bathurst due to:

  • The presence of a stable workforce
  • Good transport links
  • Surrounding support services
  • Assistance from Bathurst-Orange Development corporation (BODC)

How successful was decentralisation?

  • Decentralisation led to a significant growth in Bathurst (population and manufacturing sector)
  • BODC did not get remotely close to achieving its targets for population growth in Bathurst

Decentralisation policies face considerable difficulties:

  • Difficult to attract highly skilled personnel to small country towns
  • Dislocation of family life
  • Difficulty of women obtaining work to supplement the family income
  • Movement away from a large job market (e.g. Sydney), where there is a broad range of employment opportunities.

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