Regency England Science and Technology By ish Fasina

Pride and prejudice took place during the Regency period which is an important period in history, because art and architecture developed and in the timeline of history the Regency period which occurred just after the end of the French Revolution and just before the beginning of the Industrial Revolution in Europe. The industrial revolution marked a great step for humanity. During the revolution many great inventions were created. Some of the most impacting inventions included Gas lights, A model helicopter, steam locomotive, camera, and the first computer able to crunch numbers of complex equations.

Gas lamp

Gas lights in London during the Regency period were a thing of excitement rather than commonplace. The era of gaslights meant that people were on the move to bigger and better thing. In 1807 prototype lamps installed in Pall Mall to celebrate George III’s birthday and by the year 1813 the Gas Light and Coke Company lit up the Westminster Bridge. By 1826 almost every large city and town in Great Britain had gas street lighting . Over the years ,gas street lights continued to increase in popularity, where by the 1860s a thousand gas works cropped up to meet the fuel demands. Gas lighting in the home was not popular until the 1840s, when it began to appear in richer, urban homes . Like many inventions and technologies of the time, it seemed to be a race between the British and French for “firsts”. Paris would gas street lights in 1820.

The real Father of Flight

The next big invention that we was basically lost in time was made by Yorkshire Baron George Cayley. Cayley was a notable engineer and thought to be the first person to understand the principles and forces of flight. By 1796, he had built his first aeronautic device, a model helicopter and by 1799 Cayley had developed the concept of the modern airplane as a fixed-wing flying machine with separate systems for lift, propulsion and control . Beating the Wright Brother’s by one hundred years, but he is still not recognized as the father of flight today. Cayley gave devoted much of his time in the 1800s to air transportation. By 1849, he and his group flew a full estimated lightweight flyer ran by a young man . Since Cayley's work was so progressive and before now is the ideal time, his name and thoughts remained generally obscure after his passing, which is also a reason of why the Wright brothers have the title of “Fathers of flight”. According to Anderson in A History of Aerodynamics: And Its Impact on Flying Machines, Cayley’s work was “carried out in an intellectual atmosphere of dawning enlightenment in regard to aerodynamics, but that atmosphere was still too rarefied to have provided Cayley with many useful, practical tools.” The absence of those tools made testing of his principles difficult to accomplish, although he conducted extensive experiments which constitute much of the original research on airplane aerodynamics (Anderson, 1998). The grandfather of 20th century military tanks and the 1847 invention of an artificial hand that would replace the simple hook used for previous centuries. He also contributed to a host of other fields with inventions, experiments, and ideas that have had an impact on technologies still in use today ; including the seat belt. Cayley seems like a well respected and liked person who was educated primarily by two tutors, invested much of his own money in his research, and often contributed to social causes (Anderson, 1998).

Steam Locamotive

Richard Trevithick was a British inventor. Growing up in the mine rich landscape of Cornwall, he was also a mining engineer. When he was a child, he saw his first steam pumps in action, removing water from the tin and copper mines. His first major success that would lead to the development of the steam locomotive was a prototype of it dubbed the “Puffing Devil.” It was later recognized as the first means of transportation powered by steam. The First prototype carried a group in a carriage up and down a high street to the astonishment of bystanders. On 21 February 1804 the world’s first locomotive-hauled railway journey took place as Trevithick’s steam locomotive hauled a train along the tramway of the Penydarren Ironworks in Wales. Trevithick had many personal successes and failures, but his work undoubtedly help bring about “the future” of steam power. The impact of railway travel contributed to the ast industrialization of the British nation, enabling people and goods to move much more faster and safer through the landscape.

Computer Model

The new thoughts and new innovation of the Industrial Revolution were turning the mid nineteenth century world upside down. It was an energizing time for somebody with creative energy, and Babbage was one of the new type of researchers driving the charge. His psyche was continually turning with new ideas on the best way to enhance the ways things were done, and he utilized his useful skills to accomplish many awesome achievements, from creating specialized advances for lighthouse motioning to tweaking track plans for the main railways. Yet, it was in taking a shot at an approach to make precise mathematical tables that truly kicked him into high gear.

Math was really critical in numerous parts of regular day to day activities in the 1800s. The problem was, is that a large portion of the standard printed math tables utilized as a part of basic estimations were filled with errors. What Babbage was hoping to make was a machine equipped for doing the math of complex conditions like polynomials, logarithms and sines, which are all math capacities that are utilized as a part of such occupations as managing an account, protection, sea route, engineering, and military weapons innovation. An area of the machine would then make a printing plate of the outcomes, so that the precise tables could be mass produced. The British government was extremely inspired by his thought in light of the fact that exact math tables would be exceptionally useful for the armed force, the naval force and the funds of the nation. They put £17,500 in the venture (which would have obtained two completely prepared war vessels) permitting Babbage to contract Joseph Clement, an ace toolmaker, to begin making the parts.

Work progressed slowly, as it was a really complicated design. But finally, in 1832, a small demonstration model was finished, and Babbage was able to show that his concept was working. But , the Engine’s development stalled in 1833 when Clement quit in a huff over money. Babbage, in any case, was not demoralized. He already began working on a shot at blueprint for a more refined and sophisticated Engine.

Some other other notable inventions, achievements and discoveries during the regency period that helped add to the industrial revolution a variety of areas. By 1815 steam powered engines had grown to 210,000 hp. In Chemistry, many elements were discovered including :Selenium,Lithium, Cadmium, Beryllium, Aluminum, Thorium, and Vanadium. Isomorphism, electromagnetism, thermoelectricity, and Ohm's Law were also developed.Ohm's Law is used to calculate current, voltage, and resistance. Ohm’s law was a crucial discovery because it led to people being able understand and harness the power of electricity. Michael Faraday had success in liquefying chlorine. Firearms started to see an advancement due to science, for example: the most common firearm was the flintlock which was invented by Marin le Bourgeoys which upgraded from a design that was based on one used for over 200 years. Advances In Lighting -Gas lights were being developed. They did not become popular until the 1860s when they were installed in the Houses of Parliament. -The gas mantle was then invented in 1885. In 1816, Sir Humphry Davy invented a safety lamp for coal mining hoping to prevent explosions, which was very ironic because they were still very unsafe and exploded. They also provided weak light for the Mines . Other Inventions In 1810, Frederick Koenig improved the printing press. Joseph Nicephore Niepce was the first person to take a photograph. The picture took 8 hours to process. In 1819, Samuel Fahnestock invented the soda machine. In 1813, Samuel Horrocks Invented the loom. Richard Roberts then improved it in 1822 and produced them in large numbers. Because of this invention, many weavers' products were worth less money. Joseph von Fraunhofer invented the spectroscope. It was used to chemically analyze glowing objects.


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Anderson, John D. A History of Aerodynamics: And Its Impact on Flying Machines. Vol. 1. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1999. Print.


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