New JerseY FOunded 1664 Taylor Tainsh

Lord John Berkeley and Sir George Carteret

Lord John Berkeley (left) and Sir George Carteret (right) were co-founders of New Jersey. They named it after the island of Jersey in the English channel. They advertised trial by jury, religious freedom, generous terms, and large tracts of land to attract settlers. However, New Jersey never became a large port city like the founders were hoping, so they sold their shares back to King Charles in 1702 and New Jersey became a royal colony.


New Jersey was a place of ethnic and religious diversity. It was not dominated by a specific religion which paved the way to religious freedom for Quakers, Jews, Catholics, Lutherans, and others.


New Jersey was often referred to as the breadbasket colony as a result of it's fertile soil. It had a good climate with warm summers and particularly mild winters. Iron ore was a very important natural resource.


New Jersey produced corn, wheat, and livestock, which kept their economy thriving. They also had the natural resource, iron ore, which was a key item.


New Jersey's founders, Lord John Berkeley and Sir George Carteret, were the leaders of the colony at first, but they didn't get the profit they wanted from it since New Jersey never became a major port city, and they sold it back to the King to become a royal colony.

Colonists were promised a trial by jury, and they continued to make local laws even when New Jersey was sold back to the king.


Created with images by Norman B. Leventhal Map Center at the BPL - "A general map of the middle British colonies, in America, containing Virginia, Maryland, the Delaware counties, Pennsylvania and New Jersey : with the addition of New York, and the greatest part of New England, as also of the bordering parts ..." • wattpublishing - "Corn stalks"

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