Women in the Civil War By: Elizabeth Pischke

Different Roles that Women Played

Women acted in many different roles during the Civil War. They helped the troops by baking food, sewing uniforms and finding money for them. Some women also served as nurses, spies and writers. Nurses would serve in hospital tents just off the battlefield to help nurse the soldiers back to health. Because men didn't believe women could retain information, the women who served as spies, were very successful at gathering information and reporting it back to their sides. Writing was another responsibility that women assumed. Some women wrote books about the war and slavery to inform people about what was going on.

Famous Women of the Civil War

Three of the many famous women in the war were Harriet Tubman, Clara Barton and Harriet Beecher Stowe. All three of these women played important roles that helped impact the war.

Harriet Tubman

Harriet Tubman worked as both an abolitionist and a spy during the war. She spied on Confederate troops and recruited former slaves to do the same. She also fought slavery by helping slaves escape through the Underground Railroad. All of Harriet's roles helped the Union win the war.

Clara Barton

Clara Barton is the most famous nurse in Civil War history. When Clara heard that the troops needed help, she gathered as many supplies as she could and traveled to the camps. She treated soldiers in both hospital tents and on the battle field while the fighting was happening. Because of this, Clara was know as "the angel of the battlefield". After the war, Clara set of the American Red Cross Foundation which we still use today.

Harriet Beecher Stowe

Harriet Beecher Stowe is most known for her book Uncle Tom's Cabin. Her book taught northerners more about what slavery was and how slaves were treated. The book also inspired northerners to become abolitionists and help join the fight against slavery. Harriet Beecher Stowe helped gain more supporters of anti-slavery and impacted the war just by writing her book.

Women's Impact on the Civil War

Women played a large role in the civil war. Without them, men wouldn't have been able to recover as quickly, learn lots of information about their enemies and gain more supporters and supplies. Both sides had women that supported them and wanted to help. And by nursing, spying and writing, women were able to help their side and impact the war.


American Red Cross. Image. Britannica School, Encyclopædia Britannica, 3 Feb. 2017. school.eb.com/levels/high/assembly/view/213448. Accessed 6 Apr. 2017.

Barton, Clara. Image. Britannica School, Encyclopædia Britannica, 3 Feb. 2017. school.eb.com/levels/high/assembly/view/16401. Accessed 6 Apr. 2017.

Stowe, Harriet Beecher. Image. Britannica School, Encyclopædia Britannica, 3 Feb. 2017. school.eb.com/levels/high/assembly/view/188938. Accessed 6 Apr. 2017.

Tubman, Harriet. Image. Britannica School, Encyclopædia Britannica, 3 Feb. 2017. school.eb.com/levels/high/assembly/view/14905. Accessed 6 Apr. 2017.




"Woman of the Civil War" Carin T. Ford - copyright 2013

"Life in the North During the Civil War" Timothy L. Biel - copyright 1997


Created with images by tpsdave - "antietam maryland sunset" • PhotoAtelier - "The Women of Union Camp"

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