The Federal Bureaucracy Departments

By Cameron Davis and Trey Mandt

There are 15 established Federal Executive Departments of the United Sates of America.

State Department

Mission Statement - “The Department's mission is to shape and sustain a peaceful, prosperous, just, and democratic world and foster conditions for stability and progress for the benefit of the American people and people everywhere. This mission is shared with the USAID, ensuring we have a common path forward in partnership as we invest in the shared security and prosperity that will ultimately better prepare us for the challenges of tomorrow.”

Founded: 1789

Rex Tillerson

Iron Triangle Example: State Department Foreign Assistance = House Committee on Foreign Affairs = Human Rights Campaign Interest group

Department of Treasury

Mission Statement - “Maintain a strong economy and create economic and job opportunities by promoting the conditions that enable economic growth and stability at home and abroad, strengthen national security by combating threats and protecting the integrity of the financial system, and manage the U.S. Government’s finances and resources effectively.”


Steve Mnuchin

Iron Triangle Example: Treasury Domestic Finance Office = Senate Finance Committee = U.S. Chamber of Commerce Interest group

The Department of Justice

Mission Statement - “To enforce the law and defend the interests of the United States according to the law; to ensure public safety against threats foreign and domestic; to provide federal leadership in preventing and controlling crime; to seek just punishment for those guilty of unlawful behavior; and to ensure fair and impartial administration of justice for all Americans.”


Jeff Sessions

Iron Triangle Example: Justice Department Criminal Division = House Judiciary Committee = NAACP

Department of Interior

Mission statement - “The Department of the Interior protects and manages the Nation's natural resources and cultural heritage; provides scientific and other information about those resources; and honors its trust responsibilities or special commitments to American Indians, Alaska Natives, and affiliated island communities.”

Founded: 1849

Ryan Zinke

Iron Triangle Example: Interior Department Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement = Senate Environment and Public Works Committee = GreenPeace USA Interest group

Department of Agriculture

Mission statement - “We have a vision to provide economic opportunity through innovation, helping rural America to thrive; to promote agriculture production that better nourishes Americans while also helping feed others throughout the world; and to preserve our Nation's natural resources through conservation, restored forests, improved watersheds, and healthy private working lands.

Founded: 1889

Sonny Perdue

Iron Triangle Example: Agriculture Division of Animal Health = House Agriculture Committee = People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals

Department of Commerce

Mission Statement - “The mission of the Department is to create the conditions for economic growth and opportunity.”

Founded: 1903

Wilbur Ross

Tron Triangle Example: Commerce Minority Business Development Agency = House Small Business Committee = NAACP

Department of Labor

Mission statement - “To foster, promote, and develop the welfare of the wage earners, job seekers, and retirees of the United States; improve working conditions; advance opportunities for profitable employment; and assure work-related benefits and rights.”

Founded: 1913

Alex Acosta

Iron Triangle Example: Labor Department Occupational Safety & Health Administration Division = Senate Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions Committee = AFL/CIO - American Federation of Labor/Congress of Industrial Organizatons

Department of Defense

Mission Statement - “The mission of the Department of Defense is to provide the military forces needed to deter war and to protect the security of our country. The department's headquarters is at the Pentagon."

Founded: 1947

James "MAD DOG" Mattis

Iron Triangle Example: Defense Federal Voting Assistance Program = Senate Urban Affairs Committee = LatinoVote Interest group

Department of Health and Human Services

Mission Statement - “The mission of the Department of Defense is to provide the military forces needed to deter war and to protect the security of our country. The department's headquarters is at the Pentagon.”

Founded: 1953

Tom Price

Iron Triangle Example: Food and Drug Administration = Senate Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry Committee = Center for Food Safety Interest group

Department of Housing and Urban Devolopment

Mission Statement- HUD's mission is to create strong, sustainable, inclusive communities and quality affordable homes for all. HUD is working to strengthen the housing market to bolster the economy and protect consumers; meet the need for quality affordable rental homes; utilize housing as a platform for improving quality of life; build inclusive and sustainable communities free from discrimination, and transform the way HUD does business.

Founded: 1965

Ben Carson

Iron Triangle Example: HUD Fair Housing and Equal Opportunity Program = Senate Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs Committee = National Low Income Housing Coalition Interest group

Department of Transportation

Mission Statement - “Serve the United States by ensuring a fast, safe, efficient, accessible and convenient transportation system that meets our vital national interests and enhances the quality of life of the American people, today and into the future.”

Founded: 1966

Elaine Chao

Iron Triangle Example: Federal Highway Administration = House Transportation and Infrastructure Committee = American Road & Transportation Builders Association

Department of Energy

Mission Statement - “The mission of the Energy Department is to ensure America's security and prosperity by addressing its energy, environmental and nuclear challenges through transformative science and technology solutions.”

Founded: 1977

Rick Perry

Iron Triangle Example: Office of Environmental Management = Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee = Business Counsel for Sustainable Energy

Department of Education

Mission Statement - “ED's mission is to promote student achievement and preparation for global competitiveness by fostering educational excellence and ensuring equal access.”

Founded: 1979

Betsy Devos

Iron Triangle Example: Division of Teaching and Learning = House Education and the Workforce Committee = Human Rights Campaign

Department of Veterans Affairs

Mission Statement - “To fulfill President Lincoln's promise "To care for him who shall have borne the battle, and for his widow, and his orphan" by serving and honoring the men and women who are America's veterans.”

Founded: 1989

David Shulkin

Iron Triangle Example: Veteran's Health Administration = House Veteran's Affairs Committee = Veterans of Foreign Wars

Department of Homeland Security

Mission Statement - “With honor and integrity, we will safeguard the American people, our homeland, and our values.”

Founded: 2003

John Kelly

Iron Triangle Example: Homeland Security Investigations Department = House Homeland Security Committee = National Association of Police Organizations

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