For many women, World War II brought not only sacrifices, but also new jobs, new skills, and new opportunities. America's “secret weapon” was the women who voluntarily mobilized to meet every challenge. U. S. government and industry expanded dramatically to meet the wartime needs. Women made it possible.
Changing Images of Women's Roles: Women were needed to fill many traditionally male jobs and roles during the war and various advertisements were used to encourage women to take on these jobs and roles.
Women in the Military: Women joined the nurse corps and the armed forces so that more men could be sent into combat. Women leaders helped determine the outcome of the war and the peace that followed.
Women Serving the Military :Women were encouraged to enter professions. "Government Girls" came to Washington D.C to help run the rapidly expanding federal government and participate behind the lines in the war effort
Women in Production : U.S factories retooled for war production. New facilities greatly expanded industrial output— and women were a significant part of the labor force. Women kept the country running by filling traditionally male jobs.
Women at Home and in the Community: In the community, women raised money for war bonds, collected blood, rolled bandages, aided in civil defense, tended Victory Gardens, and hosted troops. In the home, women recycled scarce materials, dealt with the strains of rationing, raised their children, and mourned the war dead.
The government turned immediately to readily identifiable women leaders at the Nation's academic institutions. Higher education for women was socially acceptable, but the opportunity to use education in the workplace was limited. Women educators had networks of academically qualified women whom they recruited for government service in military and civilian capacities.