Roll Of Thunder Portfolio BELLA GRISOTTI- PERIOD 2

Jim Crow Laws

Housing

Any person who rents a building to a African American when the building is already in occupancy by a white person or white family, or the other way around. An Afican Amerian can not live in the same building as a white person or even be on the same land but if they are they will be guilty of a misdemeanor and they will be punished by a fine of not less than twenty five dollars or more than one hundred dollars or be imprisoned 10 to 60 days, or both.

Education

Schools or education during the Jim Crow time period was there were a white school and a black school that were completely separated. The white schools were big with very nice desks. They also had very nice books and nice things, where schools for African American children had no books or maybe sometimes one but they were worn down by white children. African American children also learn in a shabby old building with a big heater in the middle of the room to keep them warm.

The Great Depression

The Great Depression was an economic catastrophe. The stock market crash was just the beginning of the worst economic depression in U.S. history. The Great Depression hit the South, including Georgia, harder than some other places in the country. Many people lost money, jobs, stocks, etc. In January of 1928 were the beginnnings of the Great Depression. The depression began to manifest through the entire US. The stock markets began crashing and many people became homeless. In the beginning of 1930 the banks began failing because there wasn't enough money to keep it going. The decade of the 1920s also saw major innovations in the consumption behavior of households. The development of installment credit over this period led to substantial growth in the consumer durables market. The Great Depression affected the people in Roll of Thunder, Hear My Cry becuase in the story the price of cotton drops and because it drops they don't have as much money as they used to and Papa has to go and work on the railroads to get enough money for everything. This affects the whole family because they rarely see their father.

Abolishment of Salvery

The end of slavery for African Americans meant freedom. They felt this way because before the end of slavery they had to work for white folks and be treated as though they were nothing. They had to clean there house, feed them, dress them, and even take care of kids that weren't even their own, it's like the white people where babies and just relied on them do to everything for them when the African Americans should be in a homesite their own kids and things like that. After slavery ended the African American still didn't have many rights they still were treated as though they were nothing and in Roll of Thunder, Hear my Cry, Big Ma, Stacey, TJ, and Cassie go down to Strawberry to sell somethings and they have to park in the back because white people get to be in the front. In the story Big Ma says, "Them white folks wagons Cassie." (BigMa164) Also in The Emancipation Proclamation it states, "On the first day of January, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-three, all persons held as slaves within any State in rebellion against the United States, shall be forever free." (The Emancipation Proclamation #1 paragraph)

"Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction." -The Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States of America

Lynching

Lynching means a mob of people killing someone, especially by hanging, for an alleged offense without a legal trial. Lynching aplies to Roll of Thunder, Hear My Cry because after Mr. Barry called a white man a liar, a group of white men showed up and put tar and feathers all over Mr. Barry without a judge or even permission and they group of white men ended hurting Mr. Barry very bad to where he couldn't talk or really even move. In Roll of Thunder TJ says, "but it seems he called Mr. Jim Lee Barnett a liar—he’s the man who runs the Mercantile down in Strawberry. Mr. Tatum’s s’pose to done told him that he ain’t ordered up all them things Mr. Barnett done charged him for. Mr. Barnett said he had all them things Mr. Tatum ordered writ down and when Mr. Tatum asked to see that list of his, Mr. Barnett says, ‘You callin’ me a liar, boy?’ And Mr. Tatum says, ‘Yessuh, I guess I is!’ That done it!" (TJ#121) As you can tell African Americans had it very tough, for them life wasn't fair.

(https://youtu.be/h4ZyuULy9zs)

Credits:

Created with images by USFWS Headquarters - "Great Plains LCC" • Tony Fischer Photography - "The Causes of The Great Depression / FDR Memorial Site" • WikiImages - "woman children florence thompson" • Thomas Shahan 3 - "White Collar, c. 1940 - Linocuts by Giacomo G. Patri" • mrbill78636 - "A MOTHER ..." • paulsimpson1976 - "The Great Depression" • WikiImages - "woman children florence thompson" • mrbill78636 - "A MOTHER ..." • Thomas Shahan 3 - "White Collar, c. 1940 - Linocuts by Giacomo G. Patri" • paulsimpson1976 - "The Great Depression" • Tony Fischer Photography - "The Causes of The Great Depression / FDR Memorial Site"

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