The Dangers of Heatstroke By: Maryjo castro

What is heat stroke?

-Heat stroke is type kind of heat illness can be fatal if not treated

-This occurs when the body is overheating and is up to dangerous levels (104-105 degrees Fahrenheit)

-Heat stroke is most common in athletes, elders with chronic diseases (such as lung cancer, diabetes, etc.) and infants

-Heat stroke can lead to permanent damage in the brain and various other major organs

What are the symptoms of heat stroke?

-Nausea, vomiting

-Confusion, agitation

-Dry, hot skin and absence of sweating

-Fainiting, headaches

First Aid Procedures

Step 1: If possible, call emergency services. Next, take the victim to a shady area or inside a home and then take off excess clothing. By doing this, the victim won't be exposed to the sun and the less clothing will cool them down.

Step 2: If possible, put ice or ice packs on the victims neck, armpits, and groin. These are the areas where the most heat is produced in the body. This will lower the temperature faster than placing the ice on different places.

Step 3: Spray cold/tepid water on the victim. This will help the victim re-start the body's natural cooling process, which is sweating.

Step 4: Keep on cooling, and if a thermometer is available, measure the body's temperature until it's a safer temperature (which is 101-102 degrees Fahrenheit) until then, keep on cooling!

Step 5: If the victim is conscious again and is able to drink, only give them water and nothing with alcohol or caffeine. Giving them alcohol will only make the dehydration worse and caffeine will almost do the same.

How do you prevent heat stroke?

If you're an athlete, ALWAYS stay hydrated. Wear a hat, light colors and light materials. Bring a big water bottle to practice, regardless of whatever season (wear some sunscreen while you're at it!)

According to this graph, the month with the most heat illnesses is August. This is generally for athletes and more specifically, football players. Since they tend to do heavy training with layers with armor, they overheat very easily.

According to, the most common fatalities for infants to heat stroke is when they're locked in a car. This isn't only during hot weather, but also during mild weather because they're overly bundled in their crib. This doesn't only go out for infants, this can also occur to small children and pets. So, avoid leaving small children, infants and pets in a locked car alone.

According to Mayo Clinic, elders with chronic diseases tend to be more succeptable to heat stroke. To prevent heat stroke for elders, goes the same for athletes. So, always stay hydrated and wear light-weight clothing and a hat.

If you're going to be outside for most of the day when it's going to be hot, be cautious and drink a lot of water and take breaks in shady areas. If you want to check how hydrated you are, pinch the skin on top of your hand. If the skin mounds up, then you're dehydrated. If not, you're good!


How do I know these sources are reputable? I know my first source ( because on the about us page, the cite states that they have 70 U.S board physicians writing the articles on the page. Also, the cite states that the authors wrote Webster's New World™ Medical Dictionary for all three editions. I know my second source (Mayo Clinic) is reputable because we've used Mayo Clinic in the past and in the about us page, the cite states "Because physicians, scientists and other medical experts dedicate a portion of their clinical time to this site..."

What did I learn from my sources? I learned from my first source ( about how the body is affected, symptoms, and how to treat heat stroke. I learned from my second source (Mayo Clinic) what heat stroke is and other ways to treat it, and it gave me the information for my graph.

Dehydration: Causes, Symptoms & Tips to Stay Hydrated." MedicineNet. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Apr. 2017.

"Heatstroke." Mayo Clinic. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Apr. 2017.

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