This webpage is designed to teach you about the six principles in the U.S constitution. These principles are popular sovereignty, limited government, separation of power, federalism, check and balances, and represented government. The U.S government was built atop these six principles and can never go against them
One of the rights the U.S Constitution gives us is the right of Popular Sovereignty witch is a government lead by the people. In the United States of America the government does not rule the people, the people rule the government. We get this right in the preamble of the Constitution when they wrote "We the people" That quote shows that we have popular sovereignty because it's saying that America is controlled by the people and not by some powerful government.
In the United States of America we have a limited Government. This means that their are many things that the government can't do. We put these laws in so the government wont get to powerful and turn into a dictatorship, or monarchy the very thing we fought against. In article 1, section 9, clause 7 it says. "No money shall be drawn from the Treasury." This quote limits the government by not letting them just print out money to pay for anything they want, they have to use actual money that actually exists. Another quote from Article 1, Section 9, Clause 3 states. "No bill of attainder or expostfacto law shall be passed." This quote prevents the government from making a law after the fact and arresting someone who did it before the law was made. This quote makes it so the government can't do that. As you can clearly see, the government doesn't have unlimited power, their power is restricted.
Separation of Power
The U.S government has a separation of it's power between three branches of government. They do that so no one branch of the government has to much power and becomes corrupted. For example in the Constitution in Article 1, section 7, Claus 2 it informs us that. "Every Bill which shall have passed the House of Representatives and the senate, shall, before it becomes a law, be presented to the president." This quote shows that a law has to go through all three of the separate branches before it can be made into an actual law. Another quote that proves that we have separation of power is in article 1, section 6, Claus 2 which says. "No Senator and Representative shall, during the Time for which he was elected, be appointed to any civil Office." This quote means that if your in one branch you can not run to join another branch and be part of both of them. These two quotes clearly show the separation of power in the U.S government.
The constitution also speaks of something known as federalism =, or having a strong government that can actually get things done and have power. Although we want a strong government we don't want it to powerful. In article 1, section 7, Claus 1, of the US constitution says. "The congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes, duties, impost and excises." This quote is basically giving congress the power to make taxes and take money from the people when they need to. Another thing from the constitution that shows federalism is the tenth amendment, which states. "Any power that is not given to the federal government is given to the people or the states." This amendment says that the federal government has a lot of power and any powers they don't have goes to the state government. As you can see by these two quotes the U.S.A has federalism.
Check and Balance
The U.S constitution makes sure that each branch of the U.S government can check and balance the others so no one branch gets to be to powerful. We can see this in Article 1, section 7, Claus 2, where it says. "Every bill which shall have passed the house and senate shall pass the president before becoming a law." This quote shows that each branch can check each other because all three need to see the law and say it's okay. This means that congress can't make a law without the other branches see it and okay it. Another quote that shows checks and balancing is in Article 1, section 2, clause 5 that says. "The house shall choose their speaker and other officers, and shall have the sole power of impeachment." This quote shows that the president can't act ridiculous and crazy or the house will impeach him. Impeaching him is basically kicking him out of office. This keeps the president in check, keeping him doing good or else he'll get impeached.
The final principle the constitution talks about is a Representative Government. This mean that the government is made up of people that we chose to represent us, rather than people the president wants in charge. This principle is shown is Article 1, section 2, Claus 5 of the constitution that says. "The house shall choose their speaker and other officers." This quote basically says that the house gets to choose who represents them when with the president. In conclusion the United States of America has a government that represents it's people. Another quote that shows we have a representative government is Article 1, section 3, Claus 1 witch states. "The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two senators from each state." This quote shows that we have a representative government by flat out saying that each state is represented by two senators, or people who speak for our state on important matters. As you can see by these two quotes the U.S has a representative government.