By Janette Parkhurst, EUH2001
Enlightenment Thought and Inquiry
The document discusses the changes presented by the Enlightenment. During this period, there were alterations in the visual arts, literature and philosophy. The Enlightenment was a intellectual movement that promoted the use of scientific methodology to improve daily life. Such methodology included scientific principles and natural laws.
Visual Arts- There was a shift towards Neoclassicism in art and architecture. They moved away from the old baroque style. They new style evoked patriotism in its use of clean lines.
Literature and Philosophy- Salons were established during this period. Salons were weekly social gatherings that brought people together to talk about society, often including politics and even poetry.
"Enlightenment sought also to define relationship of humanity and nature/universe including the divine." That claim along with the other information located in the document makes it influential in understanding the Enlightenment Period. It wasn't just a religious challenge as usual. It was a redefining of society that allowed for a more of an open discussion about societal strifes.
Dr. Darty, “Enlightenment Thought and Inquiry”, Webcourses,https://webcourses.ucf.edu/courses/1251924/files/60245017?module_item_id=10445056.
Weblink: Of Elephants and Roses: Encounters with French Natural History, 1790-1830
This exhibit shows a variety of artifacts from French history from 1790-1830 that link French and American scientists. During this time, paleontology was invented by Georges Cuvier. Cuvier was sent Fossilized mastodon teeth from Thomas Jefferson which helped jumpstart the new field of paleontology. In addition, there are acorns and oak leaves of North American trees. There was shortage in trees in France during this period and there was a worldwide search put into place for useful trees. This website and exhibits show French involvement in the Enlightenment.
American Philosophical Society Library
American Philosophical Society Library
American Philosophical Society Museum, "Of Elephants and Roses: Encounters with French Natural History, 1790-1830", (Last updated 2017), Accessed February 6, 2017, http://www.apsmuseum.org/elephants-and-roses/.
Weblink: Technology and Enlightenment: The Mechanical Arts in Diderot’s Encyclopédie
This exhibit from MIT discusses Diderot's work with his encyclopedia.The exhibit also discusses the impact it had on the Enlightenment period. Diderot and d’Alembert argued that human knowledge had three branches based off of the psychology of John Locke. The three branches consisted of memory, reason, and imagination helped guide the encyclopedia. Within the encyclopedia, "theology becomes a subset of philosophy, grouped with divination and black magic", which is characteristic of the Enlightenment. The encyclopedia is important to Enlightenment history in the aspect that there is a book based upon scientific perspective. It's a collection of facts and diagrams discussing the technology of the day. It is not just a typical published narrative from previous times. The encyclopedia did gain hostility from Catholics and Protestants for its scientific outlook.
MIT Libraries, "Technology and Enlightenment: The Mechanical Arts in Diderot’s Encyclopédie", Access February 6, 2017, http://libraries.mit.edu/exhibits/diderots-encyclopedia-exhibit-preview/.
Weblink: Discover the Islamic World
This exhibit displays the Islamic art and architecture under Ottoman Empire control. The pieces show direct correlation with the Enlightenment movement. Again we see art and pottery with depictions of flowers and insects, which is a key characteristic that emerged from the movement. Another aspect to note is the clean lines within the architecture. The exhibit importantly shows that although there are disagreements between nations and nation states, philosophy and art are still transpired between opposing unions.
Museum With No Frontiers, "Discover Islamic Art", (Published 2004), Accessed February 6, 2017,http://www.discoverislamicart.org/exhibitions/ISL/the_ottomans/index.php.