Health equity means that everyone has a fair and just opportunity to be healthier. This requires removing obstacles to health such as poverty, discrimination, and their consequences, including powerlessness and lack of access to good jobs with fair pay, quality education and housing, safe environments, and health care.
Health equity vs. health equality.
Health disparity vs. health inequity.
"The distinction between the terms 'disparity' and 'inequity' is critically important. Whereas the term 'disparity' only defines differences between groups, 'inequity' describes the causes of disparities in the context of the social, economic, civil-political, cultural, and environmental conditions that are required to generate parity and equality."
How health inequity & structural racism impacts the health of communities.
Dr. Camara Jones, MD, MPH, Ph.D. is a family physician and epidemiologist whose work focuses on naming, measuring and addressing the impacts of racism on health and well-being. She has broadened the national health debate to include both universal access to high-quality health care and attention to the social determinants of health and equity, including poverty and racism.
Advocates, providers, policymakers, and communities must address health inequity and prioritize anti-racism principles and practices in their work.