Themes that are seen through out the novel "Lord of the Flies" were Civilization vs Savagery, The Nature of Evil and Loss of Innocence. In Lord of the Flies the protagonist and antagonist go back and forth between two competing impulses: the impulse of living by the rules or to act violently to obtain supremacy upon others. Through out the book Golding affiliates the instinct of civilization with good and the instinct of savagery with evil. The conflict seen in the novel is the driving force of the novel. Its the spark to the fire. From cover to cover you see how the characters start out as young civilized English boys with morals, disciplined, as they start to cope with nature, the wild, and turn into wild kids with no morals. Golding's rejects supernatural (or religious) accounts of the origin of human evil. While the boys fear the "beast" (embodiment of evil similar to the concept of Satan) the novel emphasizes that this interpretation is not only mistaken but also the motivation for the boys' increasingly cruel and violent behavior. The "beast" is an internal force, present in every individual, and is incapable of being truly defeated. The most ethical characters on the island-Simon and Ralph-each come to recognize his own capacity for evil indicates the novel's emphasis on evil's universality among humans. As the boys on the island progress from well-behaved, orderly children longing for rescue to cruel, bloodthirsty hunters who have no desire to return to civilization, they naturally lose the sense of innocence. Golding implies that civilization can mitigate but never wipe out the innate evil that exists within all humans. The forest glade in which Simon sits in symbolizes this loss of innocence. It is a place of natural beauty and peace, but when Simon returns, he discovers the bloody sow’s head impaled upon a stake in the middle of the clearing. The bloody offering to the beast has disrupted the paradise that existed before—a powerful symbol of innate human evil disrupting childhood innocence.
Themes that are seen through out the novel "The Outsiders" was Male to Female Interaction , Bridging the Gap between Rich and Poor, and Honor among the Lawless. As hostile and dangerous as the rivalry between the Socs and Greasers , the boys from each group have the comfort of knowing how their male friends will react to their male enemies. It is only when the female Soc's start acting friendly toward the greasers that animosities blur and trouble starts brewing. Even on the greaser side, Sodapop discovers female unreliability when he finds out that his girlfriend is pregnant with another man’s child. Hinton conveys the idea that cross-gender interaction creates unpredictable results. This message underscores the importance of male bonding in the novel to the creation of unity and structure. The Outsiders tells the story of two groups of teenagers whose rivalry stems from socioeconomic differences. However, the author (Hinton) suggest, these differences in social class do not necessarily make natural enemies. The greasers and Socs share some things in common, Cherry Valance, a Soc, and Ponyboy Curtis, a greaser, discuss their shared love of literature, popular music, and sunsets, transcending. Their harmonious conversation suggests that shared passions can fill in the gap between rich and poor. Through out the book, Ponyboy begins to see the pattern of shared experience. He realizes that the hardships that greasers and Socs face may take different practical forms, but that the members of both groups—and youths everywhere—must inevitably come to terms with fear, love, and sorrow. The greasers abide by one behavioral code -The Idea of honorable action -. Greasers sei it as a duty. Ponyboy discusses, to stand up for each other in the face of enemies and authorities. Ponyboy talks about that once, in a show of group solidarity, Dally Winston - character who is primarily defined by delinquency and lack of refinement- let himself be arrested for a crime that Two-Bit had committed. Characters coupled with acts of honorable sacrifice throughout the book. They demonstrate that courtesy and propriety can exist even among the most lawless of social groups.
Characters: Lord of the Flies
A whiny, intellectual boy, Piggy’s inventiveness frequently leads to innovation, such as the makeshift sundial that the boys use to tell time. Piggy represents the scientific, rational side of civilization.
English boy who is elected leader of the group of boys marooned on the island. Ralph attempts to coordinate the boys’ efforts to build a miniature civilization on the island until they can be rescued.
One of the older boys stranded on the island. Jack becomes the leader of the hunters but longs for total power and becomes increasingly wild, barbaric, and cruel.
A shy, sensitive boy in the group. Simon, in some ways the only naturally “good” character on the island, behaves kindly toward the younger boys and is willing to work for the good of their community. Simon is the only character whose sense of morality does not seem to have been imposed by society. Simon represents a kind of natural goodness, as opposed to the unbridled evil of Jack and the imposed morality of civilization represented by Ralph and Piggy.
Jack’s “lieutenant.” A sadistic, cruel older boy who brutalizes the littluns and eventually murders Piggy by rolling a boulder onto him
Twins closely allied with Ralph. Sam and Eric are always together, and the other boys often treat them as a single entity, calling them “Samneric.” The easily excitable Sam and Eric are part of the group known as the “bigguns.” At the end of the novel, they fall victim to Jack’s manipulation and coercion
Characters: The Outsiders
Fourteen-year-old narrator and protagonist, and the youngest of the greasers. Ponyboy’s literary interests and academic accomplishments set him apart from the rest of the group. Throughout the novel, Ponyboy struggles with class division, violence, innocence, and familial love. He matures over the course of the novel, eventually realizing the importance of strength in the face of class bias.
Ponyboy’s oldest brother. Darrel, known as “Darry,” is a twenty-year-old greaser who is raising Ponyboy because their parents have died in a car crash. Strong, athletic, and intelligent, Darry has quit school. He works two jobs to hold the family together. The unofficial leader of the greasers, he becomes an authority figure for Ponyboy. He Is also known as “Superman".
Ponyboy’s happy-go-lucky, handsome brother. Sodapop is the middle boy. Ponyboy envies Sodapop’s good looks and charm.
Joker of Ponyboy’s group. Two-Bit, whose real name is Keith, is a wisecracking greaser who always shoplifts. He prizes his sleek black-handled switchblade. He instigates the hostilities between the Socs and the greasers by flirting with Marcia, the girlfriend of a Soc.
The toughest hood in Ponyboy’s group of greasers. Dallas, known as “Dally,” is a hardened teen who used to run with gangs in New York. He has an elfin face and icy blue eyes and, unlike his friends, does not put grease in his white-blond hair. Dally’s violent tendencies make him more dangerous than the other greasers, and he takes pride in his criminal record. Dally feels protective of Johnny Cade
A sixteen-year-old greaser with black hair and large, fearful eyes. Though Johnny does not succeed in school, he approaches intellectual matters with steady concentration. The child of alcoholic, abusive parents, he is nervous and sensitive. Since his parents do not care for him, Johnny sees the greasers as his true family. In return, the older boys (mainly Dally) are protective of him.
Lord of the Flies: The setting plays a major role in this novel. The boys are basically stranded on an uninhabited tropical island, presumably somewhere in the Pacific in the 1950s. It is an environment which is completely alien to them, and after initial boyish enthusiasm the grim reality of a life devoid of adult supervision in a strange, threatening world begins to set in
The town, and year are never actually named in the story. However, S.E. Hinton explains that she based the story on her hometown of Tulsa, The story is set in a small, unnamed town, where there are two distinct sides of town- rich, and underprivileged. Readers can infer that the story is set during the 1960s, based on dialogue (Rumble...golly gee), types of cars (Corvair), and clothes (Madras).