The Four Principles of Organic Farming are the building blocks, or the roots, of Organic Farming and how it grows and develops. These principles is how Organic Farming shows its contribution that it can make to the world.
The Principle of Health
This principle points out that the individual health and the health of the community cannot be separated from the health of ecosystems.
The Principle of Ecology
This principle points out that Organic Farming should be based off of ecological processes and recycling.
The Principle of Fairness
This principle points out that Organic Farming should be built on relationships that ensures fairness with regard to the environment and life opportunities.
The Principle of Care
This principle points out that Organic Farming should be cautiously managed in a responsible manner for the protection of the future generations' health and well-being, along with the environment.
Organic Farming Practices
There are four main farming practices within Organic Farming. They are:
- Crop Diversity
- Green Manure
- Biological Pest Control
Crop Diversity is when farmers have multiple plants in the field. Having a diverse range of plants in the field can provide genetic differences, which can be passed onto later generations. With the plants producing new genetic patterns, which leads to new and different crops, organic farmers can develop new crop varieties in order to meet certain conditions. One of the benefits of having crop diversity is the protection of biodiversity. According to estimates done by studies, almost 1/2 of the world's species is facing extinction, and a majority of the species are related to common foods like, wheat, rice, maize (corn), beans, peas, etc. With the use of crop diversity, the species that were listed will be protected, and crop diversity may also promote the resistance to diseases and pests, which leads to less pesticide use. Another benefit would be the prevention of deforestation and clearing out land for the production of food.