GLOBAL POVERTY EVERYDAY ISSUES & THE UNITED STATES INVOLVEMENT Michelle Ayala

WHAT IS GLOBAL POVERTY?

Almost half of the world lives under global poverty, meaning they live day to day without knowing where there next meal will come from or without drinkable water.

statistics;
  • 2.5 Billion people lack access to improved sanitation
  • 4 million newborns world wide are dying within their first month of life
  • 1 out of 10 people do not have access to fresh, clean water in their homes
  • only around 4.5 billion people have access to indoor plumbing
  • diarrhea is the most common cause of death for children in the developing world

WHAT MAJOR ISSUES DO THE 3 BILLION PEOPLE WHO LIVE WITH EXTREME POVERTY FACE?

  • WATER
  • FOOD/NUTRITION
  • JOBS
  • EDUCATION
  • NATURAL DISASTERS

(information based off "Living on One" episodes)

WATER

Water is a must to live, everyone knows that. And for those who do not have access to clean, fresh water there are terrible outcomes.

1 of 10 people do not have access to fresh, clean water in their homes. Water is accessed for many but that water is not drinkable as it contains many bad remnants. Those remnants cause many water based illnesses which lead to 3.5 million deaths yearly. For those lucky ones who do not die from the infected water are still affected. They can still get the water based illnesses which avoids young children from being able to play, learn,grow and work, as some kids need to provide for their family.

FOOD & NUTRITION

Inorder to function the average human needs around 2,000 calories. So how do you function if you do not get the suggested amount of calories, do you grow, are you able to learn and are you able to work?

Today the world can feed 12 billion people, so why is half of the population starving? The answer is food is to expensive. Malnutrition can affect many generations in a single family. If the main income for the family is not getting the right amount of food, he is not able to provide for his or her family, compared to if they were fed right. If the mother is not properly nurtished, the growing fetus will likely have issues when born. If a child is under malnutrition, he or she is not able to learn, later resulting in a bad job. This starts the cycle once again. Getting the correct amount of food and nutrients is must to live a good life.

JOBS

Money makes the world go round & in order toget money you need a job.

In Guatemala most people work as either farmers or day laborers. Some of these jobs are informal meaning they do not have a place to report to everyday, working on a day to day basis for others. 75% of Guatemalans have an informal job and 66% of the world. An informal job does not assure income on any day, making it almost impossible to live.

EDUCATION

An important thing to be successful is to have an education.

Most of the people living in Guatemala are native, meaning their first language is not Spanish. The language barrier affects the ability of attending school. Another issue to getting an education is money. To attend school in Guatemala you need uniforms, books, and transportation.

NATURAL DISASTERS

Once in a while some things are out of our control, one being natural disasters.

A natural disaster can damage a whole life. It can damage a family's home and land, which they use to as their job. People are not able to afford a disaster.

US FOREIGN ASSISTANCE

The U.S gives aid to other nations to support global peace, security, and moral imperative.

In 2017 34 billion dollars proposed for foreign aid spending

100 nations receive foreign aid for the U.S

PEACE & SECURITY = 1.1 BILLION

DEMOCRACY, HUMAN RIGHTS & GOVERNANCE =2.7 BILLION

EDUCATION & SOICAL SERVICES = 1.1 BILLION

HEALTH = 9.3 BILLION

ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT = 3.6 BILLION

HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE = 6.0 BILLION

ENVIRONMENT = 1.3 BILLION

WATER & SANITATION

  • GOAL: The goal of this sector is to provide clean water and modern sanitation for as many people as possible. In today's world, eight hundred million people lack of reliable clean water and two and half billion don't have access to modern sanitation in their everyday life. The lack of clean water and modern sanitation puts lives at risk with a higher chance of disease and/or illness. Most of the water is used for food production and with the population of earth expected to expand by two to three billion people over the next forty years, so will the demand for food.
  • SOULTION: So is anything being done to reduce the numbers of people who lack clean water and modern sanitation, many actions have been taking into place already. For example the expanding access of clean water supply and sanitation. This helps for hygiene and to battle diseases. Also the improvement of access to water resources, this includes reforming government rules and regulations to have equal access to water and to lessen competition. Lastly making the response to disasters stronger, this will help nations adapt to changing climate.
  • RESULTS:
  • Safe water and sanitation has been given to more than 50 million people, meanwhile helping governments and private firms to manage and distribute water equally and affordable.
  • USAID’s programs helped more than 3.5 million people with better access to drinking water and 1.3 million people with closer access to sanitation facilities.
  • 134,841 male and 145,544 female Zambians got access to clean drinking water, and 168,823 students and teachers had access to improved sanitation facilities, like toilets, and bathrooms. Sanitation facilities have convenient access for girls; some even have showers so girls could bathe and keep good hygiene.
  • CASE STUDY: In the lowlands of Ethiopia, the people living near by villages struggle everyday to get safe drinkable water. They had a broken failing water system, meaning they have to walk far to get water. Walking up to 9 kilometers to the Woto River carrying 20 litter jars of water, is how far a 40 year old resident of Duma Kerkele would go to get water for his extended family of 11. But in June of 2016, USAID restored the well in Duma Kerkele, one of the first of many broken water systems to be restored by the Lowland WASH activity.The people living in this community also took the responsibly of not letting livestock in side their clean drinkable water. Now this well gives around 350 people clean water everyday.
  • ANALYSIS: I believe the USAID program is clearly working, if it has supplied more people with clean water. But I also believe it can supply more people with drinking water. I feel there are more ways to get water attainable in more remote areas.

REFERENCES

Sources:

1. ForeignAssistance.gov. Retrieved from: foreignassistance.gov

2. "Hand Pumps Bring Clean Water To Ethiopia." USAID.gov. Retrieved from https://www.usaid.gov/results-data/success-stories/handpumps-provide-life-changing-clean-water-ethiopia

3. Living on One Series. Retrieved from: http://livingonone.org/changeseries/#.WEi-A8f3FYM

4. "Water and Sanitation." USAID.gov. Retrieved from: https://www.usaid.gov/what-we-do/water-and-sanitation

Images:

1. https://www.emaze.com/@ALCLWQZR/Global-Poverty (image of emaze)

2. http://borgenproject.org/many-people-live-poverty-worldwide/ (image of Borgen project)

3. http://waterwellsforafrica.org/ (image of water wells for Africa)

4. http://www.wfp.org/news/news-release/japan-steps-up-support-fight-hunger-boost-nutrition-africa (image from WFP)

5. http://www.technoserve.org/our-work/where-we-work/country/guatemala (image for techno serve)

6. http://www.thepacificinstitute.com/success/story/guatemala-ministry-of-education (image of the pacific institute)

7. http://www.ldschurchnewsarchive.com/articles/59436/Reeling-from-pair-of-natural-disasters-members-rally-in-Central-America.html (image o IDS Church)

8. http://www.pv-magazine.com/news/details/beitrag/usaid-to-fund-solar-research-projects-in-india-and-morocco_100025993/ (image from PV magazine)

9. http://www.cdc.gov/healthywater/global/ (image from CDC)

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Michelle Ayala
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