Alternative Forms of Argument Humor & The Body


  • Praxis #2 Graded
  • Grades left for rest of semester: Attendance/Participation, Journal 9/10, Praxis #3, Final Exam
  • Thursday update


  • EVALUATE ME! www.csun.edu/sef
  • Discuss the possibilities of body as argument
The Body as Argument? (DeLuca)

Check in Group Activity

  • 3-4 people per group
  • Choose one member's journal post example to present on (choose the one ya'll think is the most successful use of body in/as argument)
  • What's the context? What is the argument? How is the body an argument or how is the body used for argument?

Which of the two types of images is more persuasive?

Queer Movements

Challenge to heteronormative spaces

Televisual Era

Is it the image making the argument of the body making the argument?

their bodies, then, become not merely flags to attract attention of the argument but the site and substance of the argument itself (DELUCA 10)


  • Can one's body, by it's very existence, be argument?


  • Final study guide up (minor changes may be made; addition of one or two questions)


Parody as Argument? (Hariman)

Reason & Eloquence in Political Culture

  • Reason = rational, logical
  • Eloquence = style

Parody as Metacritique

Parody is the paradic double

Potential Benefits of Parody for Democratic Decision Making

Exposes Limits

“What had seemed to be serious is in fact foolish, and likewise the powerful is shown to be vulnerable, the unchangeable contingent, the enchanting dangerous. Parody works in great part by exceeding tactic limits on expression-- the appropriate, the rational--but it does so to reveal limitations that others would want to keep hidden”. (Hariman 251)

Two Responses to Parodic Discourse

  • Conservative fact: doesn’t really change what happened
  • Radical fact: people will continue to laugh at it or will force it to change. Can’t see it the same way.

Parody is both conservative & radical

Good parody challenges how you think of the world

Constitutes Public Culture

If people can laugh at it, makes it seem like they can participate in public culture.


When can humor be bad for argument?

Potential Drawbacks to Parody for Democratic Decision Making

Parody is sometimes just a cynical performance

What was the point?

Cynical speech is bad for democracy

Are you in on the joke?

Other Drawbacks?

Ways to combat bad humor/parody? More comedy?

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