In order to reduce levels of obesity across South Carolina and America, it is important that good habits are developed early.
By improving access to and affordability of healthy food and drink options in communities, schools, and workplaces, it would be easier for people to make better diet decisions. Such as teaching more people about how to control their food portions and monitoring what they eat.
Exercise is also very important when it comes to preventing and reducing obesity. By creating more parks, trails, and sidewalks, communities can encourage more active lifestyles and active commuting.
The South Carolina Obesity Action Plan (2014-2019) outlines a plan to help prevent and reduce obesity over the next few years. It focuses on improving communities, worksites, healthcare, schools, and childcare to reduce obesity. In order to improve communities, this plan suggests providing both safe and easily accessible parks, sidewalks, and trails for members, encouraging a more active lifestyle. This plan also aims to improve access to local farmers markets to provide communities with healthy, locally-grown fruits and vegetables. This plan intends to improve the daily lives of working Americans by increasing access to healthy food and beverage options at worksites and schools, as well as increasing the availability of safe physical activity throughout the day. This plan also aims to improve access to and affordability of obesity treatments and assessments in order to both prevent and reduce obesity. This includes improved newborn practices encouraging women to breastfeed as well as partnerships helping patients access healthy diet and lifestyle resources.
Issues with Obesity Testing
- There is a fallacy in the way that obesity rates are calculated in the United States. Most of the studies and test conducted to test obesity rely solely on BMI. The issue with this is that BMI does not take into account fitness but instead focuses only on the height and weight ratio of the tested individual.
- The issues with only testing BMI becomes more drastic while conducting obesity tests on children. BMI becomes more misleading on children because it is a height to weight ratio and does not account for whether or not a child has gone through puberty or not.
- To fix the inconsistencies with BMI it may be worth trying to implement more accurate obesity test such as waist/hip circumference measurements or body fat percentage calculations on a wider scale for more accurate testing and results.
Facts About Obesity
- Worldwide obesity has more than doubled since 1980.
- In 2014, more than 1.9 billion adults, 18 years and older, were overweight. Of these over 600 million were obese.
- 39% of adults aged 18 years and over were overweight in 2014, and 13% were obese.
- Most of the world's population live in countries where overweight and obesity kills more people than underweight.
- 41 million children under the age of 5 were overweight or obese in 2014.
- Obesity is preventable.
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