Vitamins are what we get from different fruits and vegetables.
Water-soluble vitamins dissolve in and are carried by water. We'll go through these first.
Vitamin C is first. It protects the body from infection, and if you don't get enough of it, you get scurvy! You can get vitamin c from citrus fruits and broccoli.
Vitamin B is commonly known as Folic acid. It helps the body create new cells, and if pregnant mothers don't get enough of it, the baby may have spina bifida.
Fat-soluble vitamins are dissolved in and carried by fat.
Vitamin K is what we need to help clot our blood when we cut ourselves. If we don't get it, bleeding and bruising will increase. Vitamin K comes from dark green leafy vegetables.
Vitamin A promotes good vision, which is why people say carrots are good for your eyesight. If you don't get enough, you may have night blindness.
There are to types of minerals: Macro and Micro/Trace.
Calcium strengthens our bones, and having a deficiency means osteoporosis. We get Calcium from milk/dairy products and whole grains.
Iron helps make red blood cells, so consequently not getting enough iron means not having enough red blood cells, or Anemia. Iron also helps our muscles store and use oxygen.
Sodium and potassium come from salt, fruits and vegetables. They help maintain fluid balance, and having a deficiency of sodium and potassium could result in muscle cramps, irregular heartbeats or seizures.