Human habitation of the Australian continent is estimated to have begun around 65,000 to 70,000 years ago with the migration of people by land bridges and short sea-crossings from what is now Southeast Asia. These first inhabitants were the ancestors of modern Indigenous Australians. The native People of Australia are the Aborigines.
The Aborigines were nomads (they don't live in one place), and their way of life was called the "Walkabout"; they sometimes lived in caves and we can still see the painted they did in that caves.
In 17th century the Europeans visited the island, but they didn't settle there until around the 17th and 18th centuries.
In 1770 Captain James Cook from England landed in Australia and called it the "New South Wales". The Australia became part of the British empire.
The first inhabitants of Australia were the Aborigines and the convicts.
But from 1800s, many Europeans and Britons left their homes for start a new life in Australia. The population increased, and the immigration too. Sheep farming became an important industry and, after they discovered gold, lot of people went to Australia.
There were six colonies in Australia:
- New South Wales
- South Australia
- Western Australia
On 1st January 1901 the six colonies became a federation called the Commonwealth of Australia.
Australia is completely surrounded by the ocean.
Most of Australia is empty because most of it is desert, but there are some beautiful attractions that invite the tourists to visit Australia: for example, the Great Coral Reef.
In Australia there are some pink lakes, but the most important and the most visited is the Lake Hiller.
Some of the most curious animals of the world live in Australia, but the animals symbols of that island are kangaroos and koalas.