Background info: In March 1992, Bosnia was give their Declaration of Independence from the Republic of Yugoslavia. Along with Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Slovenia were also given freedom but problems started to rise within Bosnia and a civil war broke out. The war started due to the Bosnian Muslims (Bosniaks), Bosnian Croats, and Bosnian Serbs. These attacks were brought onto the Bosniaks and Croats by the Serbians. Originally both the Muslims and Croatians joined forces to fight against the Serbians but fighting between both communities broke out instantly and decided to break off from each other. The attacks were done were called "ethnic cleaning" due to the fact that the genocide was brought onto a certain religion/race. After 3 years of "cleaning" the Dayton Agreement was signed to end the conflict.
Who was affected? Over 140,000 people were killed in the genocide, of the 140,000 about 80% killed were Bosnian Muslims. With Bosnia having one of the largest Muslim presence since 1971, other religions started coming into the country. By 1991, Muslims were just 48% of the 3.8 million people in Bosnia and 37% were Serbian which lead to issues due to political and religious problems.
What other changes were made afterwards? With this genocide being the worst one since WWII, it brought a feeling of WWIII may come sooner than expected. After the Serbs decided to attack the "safe haven", Srebrenica, for Bosniaks, both them and the Croats came together one last time for a final stand. With this, they were able to push the Serbs out of Bosnia and start the negotiations to ending the war with a peace treaty. On December 14, 1995 the Dayton Acords were signed and immediately 60,000 NATO troops were sent out to Bosnia to keep the peace.
Why is this meaningful? With a smaller scale of WWII demonstrated by the Serbs, people worried that WWIII could breakout. This gave reasons to have more defensive preparations for other vulnerable countries that could fall due to them being inferior and helpless without other countries getting involved.
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