Different organizations are trying to collect data on the number of cases and threats environmental human rights defenders face in Colombia, but according to Global Witness, in 2019, 64 activists were killed for their work. Most of killings are linked to the "challenges of implementing the 2016 Peace Agreement including land reform and programmes meant to encourage farmers to swap illegal crops for legal harvests. The resulting shifts in local power dynamics is driving increased violence".
The vacuum power left by the former rebel group FARC and the expansion of other armed groups who control illegal economies such as drug trafficking and illegal mining, has led to forced displacement and land grabbing of Afro-Colombian, indigenous and farmers lands. According to the State Ombudsman, these groups exert pressure over community leaders and environmental defenders.
1. David Nieto Yusti; Cascada de Tunurco; December 1, 2016; (CC BY-NC 2.0). 2. Adam Cohn; Man Looking at Cauca River, Caucasia, Colombia; March 27, 2017; (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0). 3. Ximena0798; hermoso valle, cauca, colombia; November 16, 2014; (CC BY-SA 2.0). 4. EU Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid; Afro-Colombian girl; February 18, 2007; (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0). 5. Taken from bbc.com 6. Adam Cohn; Gold Mining Slurry, Colombia; March 26, 2017; (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0).