These 3 monotheistic religions- Christianity, Judaism, and Islam all originate from the Middle East. Islam was founded in the Arabian Peninsula. The one that Muslims believe is the last prophet sent to express Allah's word is Muhammad. Those who follow Islam accept other prophets such as Jesus, but believe Muhammad (translated to "praiseworthy") is the final one. Muhammad will receive important words from Allah that will make it's way into the holy book, the Qur'an.
The Qur'an is believed to be a revelation from Allah with 114 parts. According to Shi'ite Muslims, a caliph must be a descendant of Muhammad. Sunni Muslims believe that a man that knows the holy book well and understands it and follows the rules of Islam can become an Imam. Muslims worship in mosques, with 5 set times to pray. Before entering mosques, shoes will be taken off and a cleansing ritual is performed to show respect before stepping in. Prayers will always happen facing Mecca, the holy city and an indication on the wall called a mihrab will always direct one towards Mecca. The 5 pillars or faith include prayer, giving to charity, visiting Mecca, fasting during Ramadan, and orally declaring their faith. Muslims believe Islam is the last and complete monotheistic religion.
- Sunni- 84-90% of all Muslims, they believe in tradition and the original traditions of Muhammad and the early groups of Muslims.
- Shi'ite- 10-16% of all Muslims. This group believes in following the descendants of the prophet Muhammad.
- Sufi- They go beyond the 5 pillars and use meditation for spiritual growth.
- Sunni and Shia Muslims are the two main groups.
Holidays in this religion emphasize the daily rules Muslims live by. The month of Ramadan is focused on feeling equal and one with Allah. Ramadan is the 9th month of the Islamic year. This is a holy month of fasting. From dawn to dusk everyday, Muslims will refrain from eating or drinking to feel how the less fortunate will feel all the time. This is a time where one is brought closer to Allah, where bad behavior is prohibited. Eid al-Fitr marks the end of the fast with feasting and prayer, this lasts 3 days.