Eritrea Michaela Schroeder

Eritrea is just one of many countries in Africa. Eritreans are very dedicated to their country and are always wanting peace. Eritreans are also very diverse. Many languages and styles of living are spread across the country. Their Capital Asmara means "United".

Many people in Eritrea speak different languages. This book shows one of the languages.

This is how all of the woman dress is Eritrea.

This is a small overview of land in Eritrea.

Geographers use Location when finding a certain place. Location is a particular place or position. Eritrea is located on the East of Africa. The Capital of Eritrea is Asmara. It's exact location is 15.3229°N, 38.9257°E. The country is boarded by Sudan, Ethiopia, Djibouti and the Red Sea. Eritrea's climate is divided into three parts; highlands, coastal region and lowlands.

The first picture shows Eritrea highlighted on Africa's continent. In the second picture, the map show the countries that border Eritrea and the third picture shows the body of water that Eritrea is surrounded by, which is the Red Sea.

Take a trip around Eritrea with this video ! It shows all the amazing landforms Eritrea has and how their people spend their days.

These are some of the buildings in Eritrea's Capital Asmara.

Eritreas Capital, Asmara. This is the most commonly visited place in the country.

In the highlands, the area is very cool and wet. In the coastal regions is where many of the animals are. This area is a bit dryer. Since it's dryer here, you'll find deserts full of amazing animals! In the lowlands, the climate is semiarid. In Eritrea, the most rainfall received is between June to September.

This is Eritrea's highlands, coastal regions and lowlands.

Eritrea has many different and unique landforms. For starters, in the highlands of Eritrea, lays their highest mountain which is 6,631 ft. In the lowlands, there are many volcanoes but more than half of them are dormant. Eritrea also has a lot of islands. Their largest island is known as " Dahlak Kebir " and is about 250 square miles.

This is one of Eritrea's dormant vocloanes.
Island of Dahlak Kebir surrounded by the Red Sea.
A mountain in Eritrea.

The geographic theme of place is the physical and human aspects of a certain location. Eritreans live most of their lives working to get the supplies they need for living. Although they have all the resources for their health, Eritreans are very poor. Eritrea is known as the " North Korea of Africa" due to their government.

A young kid in Eritrea working for money.

You can find many natural resources. Many of the common resources are Natural gas, gold, copper , oil and zinc. These are found all over the country.

Natural gas, zinc, oil, copper and gold that can be found in Eritrea.

Culture is a big part of everyone's lives. Many people take it very seriously in their countries. In Eritrea, there are exactly 9 ethnic groups. Each one contains different styles of music, dancing and ways of living.

Dancing in Eritreans cultures are very common. The second picture shows the 9 ethnic groups.

Eritreans are known to be very diverse. Their religion is another huge part of their culture. Eritreans practice Islam and Christian Orthodox. These religions are spread across the whole country. A few Eritreans are also catholic but a lot of people are Islamic.

One of the Christian churches in Asmara.

An Eritrean woman getting emotional during a ceremony in a church.

People taking time out of their day to pray to their god.

Holidays are fun to celebrate! There are three important ones here. The first one is on May 24th, which is Eritrean Independence Day. Independence Day for them is the most important one. The second one is June 20th which is Martyrs Day. On this day, Eritreans honor all of the soldiers that have fought in the Eritrean War. Lastly, Eritreans celebrate Sep. 27th which is Meskel Day. Meskel Day is a celebration where everyone has a big feast for the Holy Cross.

First picture : Honoring all the Eritrean soldiers. 2nd Picture: People gathering around holding up their country's flag. 3rd Picture: Everyone gathering around a fire for Meskel Day.

Eritrea has a Presidential System. A presidential system is when a president runs the country and is also in charge of the state. The economy isn't the greatest. The country is mostly poor due to 30 years of war. The unemployment rate is 7.2%.

Eritreans hope to help their economy grow from poverty.

" North Korea of Africa?!" Here's a look into Eritreans government!

The government is very independent. Eritreans like to be in charge of theirselves. The president of Eritrea is Issayas Afewerki. The government doesn't want to be like a democracy but are leaning towards it. Eritrea's government has also committed to a private sector led market economy.

President of the country giving a speech.

The geographic theme of human environment interactions is when humans interact with their environment and/or hanging it in some ways. The people of this country use a lot of land in their country by creating lots of buildings.

In every country, they're specials crops that are grown there. In Eritrea, Maize, Sorghum, Okra, Cotton and Pearl Millet are just a few of them.

Some of the crops grown in Eritrea.

Everyone loves money right? Well, for the residents in Eritrea the most common jobs to work in are Markets or mining. Markets sell food, clothes and any other supplies you may need. Mining jobs are a big one because they're responsible for digging up the golds, copper , zinc , etc.

Some of the people working at their jobs.

A wide range of people are concerned about endangered species. This country's endangered species are Green Sawfish, Golden Sandfish, African Wild Donkey , etc. Many of these species are endangered because the people like to fish for food in the water near them which is the Red Sea.

These are 3 of the endangered species. Two of them live in water.

This video contains some of the animals that are in danger.

The country has a lot of environmental problems. Deforestation, Desertification, Soil Erosion and Overgrazing occurs. Their government had made a program to help stop this by using less land and wood.

A nice view of a mountain in Eritrea.

Geographers use the theme place for finding the physical and human features of a place. Eritrean children usually go to school ages 7-14 then stop to work for their families. There are 5 stages in the education system. The first stage is Basic, Junior , Secondary , Technical and University.

First Picture: A school in Asmara. Second picture : Eritrean students dressed up in their uniforms. Last picture: Students gathered for school.

Eritreas total population is 6.333 Million. The population density is around 50.60 . The area is 45,406 mi. Eritreas per Capital GFP is $771.

The life expectancy for Females in Eritrea is 68, while men in the country live to be about 64 on average.

The literacy rate for females is 69.8%. The literacy rate for men is 90.2%

The climate region they live in is North East Africa in the landmass with constantly changing climates.

The geographic theme of movement is people or their goods transferring from one place to another. Imported goods that come from other countries to Eritrea is Food, Petroleum related products and machinery. Items from Eritrea are Sorghum, Textiles, Livetsock and Food.

Two photos of imported goods and Two photos of exported goods.

A flag is a symbol that represents your people and the country you live in. Eritrea's flag was adopted on December 5th, 1995. The colors consist of Green, Red and Blue. The little symbol in the middle is an Olive Branch to symbolize United Nations. Green= Livetsock and agriculture in the country. Red= Blood lost in the fight for their freedom. Blue = The sea.

Explaining Eritrea's flag and history

May 29th was the day Eritrea gained its independence from Ethiopia. When Eritrean soldiers were revoked, The country didn't like this. Eritrea decided they didn't want to share a country with Ethiopians so they started a war. This war ended up lasting 30 years until Eritreans finally defeated Ethiopians.

Nowadays mostly everyone is using technology. Cellphones, TVs, Radios and much more is used in the country. Most usage is in Asmara, the Capital and Biggest city in Eritrea. Eritrea is also thinking about using e-readers ( tablets ) for educational purposes.

Eritreans use modern day technology like cellphones, computers, tablets and televisions.

Eritreans use lots of ways to get around and communicate. Some of these are Trains, Cabs, Taxis, and buses. Cars can be really expensive in Eritrea due to the high pricing on gas. Many people also use telephones and radios to communicate.

Buses and cabs are the common transportation. Trains are mainly used for transporting products.
In June 2016, A report went out saying Ethiopia and Eritrea were having border problems. As many people may know, the two countries aren't fans of eachother. This all started when BOTH sides were rushing troops to a different area and some violence occurred while doing so. It had been reported that many Eritreans have been injured. Both sides are blaming each other and accusing Eritrea's leaders of murder and rape. If this continues, there could possibly be a war between Ethiopia and Eritrea again!

Video explaining hatred between the two countries.

Ethiopia and Eritrea's flag clashed together as a symbol of hatred between them. Second picture shows a war happening.
February 2017 : Eritrea is in desperate need of teachers. They are looking for teachers who are very skilled and have different ways of teaching in Primary School. Lack of teachers means lack of education. In Eritrea, each class can have up to 60 students and that's not good especially whne you're losing teachers. Reports have said that the most most help wanted is in the area where a lot of the population is located in. (Around 80%)
Different visiting locations. Waterfalls, beaches, churches and Eritrea overall

Eritrea is full of animals, landforms , beautiful islands and many diverse people. The style of music, food and varieties of languages will amaze you. You can come to festivals and join in the traditional dances they do around a fire. Eritrea has many places to visit like the Cathedral of Asmara, Natioanl Museum, Markets, Denkalya Desert and much more. This country is also nice to visit to learn the history of the long war between Ethiopia and Eritrea. This also gives you a chance to visit the Red Sea, where a lot of Eritreans go to fish. Overall, Eritrea is a great place. It's very peaceful here and you'll have a great time getting to meet everyone.


Teenagers in America are not much different than in Eritrea. Yes, the education is a bit different but we all have some of the same characteristics. Teenagers in Eritrea go to school but it's only mandatory to go from 7-13 years of age. They go to school less than 4 hours each day and their classrooms can either be inside or outside. Eritrean teenagers can work hours before or after school. They do this help their families with money. On their free time, a lot of teenagers play sports. A common sport played here is soccer! Swimming in the lakes or rivers is also very common. The boys and girls both wear uniforms to school. The uniforms are based on what grade level you are in. It is common for boys to get more treatment than females.
Created By
Michaela Schroeder


Created with images by tpsdave - "eritrea landscape mountains" • Ginger Brew @gbrew - "Scripture in #Tigrinya (Eritrea)" • D-Stanley - "Muslim Women" • D-Stanley - "Massawa Highway" • D-Stanley - "Bell Tower" • D-Stanley - "City Bus Terminal" • D-Stanley - "Enda Mariam Orthodox Cathedral" • D-Stanley - "Albergo Italia" • tejvanphotos - "Cotton" • jspatchwork - "20080701 okra 03" • airfund - "Maize" • Aries Tottle - "Mother and child" • cliff1066™ - "Sawfish" • tpsdave - "eritrea mountains valley" • D-Stanley - "Catholic School" • Wonderlane - "She returns. Playing 1 on 1 volleyball without a net, Eritrean children at play, Eritrea independence anniversary celebration, (land of Punt), Volunteer Park, Capitol Hill, Seattle, Washington, USA" • D-Stanley - "Riverbed Market" • bradleyolin - "More Machinery" • Pricenfees - "Apple Watch - Credit to"

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