The Penguin One - Task 2 Gather - Extract - Analyse - Present
The Fluxus movement was about going against restrictions and alternative ways to release creative energy. Dada was essentially the prototype of Fluxus and followed a few of the principals from Dada. Fluxus began to become more defined when artworks moved from being on paper but in the form of actualised enactment. That is because this applied a strong theme of association with viewers.
Above is a box that contains Fluxus artwork ideas, this is such an influential piece because the artwork is the concept that is on the cards. Some would be instructions, some would be event cards. The fact that the idea is the artwork is a pin in the Fluxus movement and makes this one of the most influential Fluxus pieces and also why American artist George Brecht is considered a key figure in this movement.
Nam June Paik was a South Korean artist above is his Zen For Head which involved him placing a long roll of paper down and a bowl of ink and tomato juice and dipping his head and hands into the mixture and drawing a path down the roll of paper.
Yoko Ono was another key figure in the Fluxus movement who would perform artworks in the above piece she would allow members from the audience to cut a piece of her clothing off. This was to make a statement about female vulnerability.
The works of Yvonne Rainer were part of inspiring the performance aspect of the Fluxus movement and were similar in nature. Her contributions to Fluxus were significant.
Above is a mark making painting by Jackson Pollock. I believe that mark making could work as a Fluxus inspired book cover as mark making is very expressive and creative, the fact the example above is black and white supports my design solution as I associate black & white colour schemes with Fluxus as many Fluxus pieces were happenings which would be photographed in black & white.
George Maciunas, the founder of Fluxus used type in mismatching way which I feel could work well in a book cover. A book cover that incorporates the black & white photography (like photographs of the happenings) and type in this style could be perfect.
Dada began in 1915 in Zurich which was the artists involved way of distancing themselves from the first world war as they would escape into their art. They would stand apart from the barbarity of the war and make collage works & recite written verse. This art movement was so revolutionary that it demanded to be seen not just aesthetically but also politically. The title "Dada" was intended to be an anti-label
Raoul Hausmann was a key artist within the Dada movement whose contributions were mostly collage works. This is because of the concept of using a readymade objects in artworks (or as artworks where the work of Marcel Duchamp is concerned.) collaging is the same principal as you cut up a readymade object in these cases newspaper or magazines/tabloids and use them as your own medium. Raoul Hausmann would also make posters which incorporated typography.
Above is a Dada artpiece that i feel could work well for book cover inspiration. The collaging could work well as this could potentially be transfigured into something that would appeal to maternal figures or children as collaging is an arts and craft sort of thing that has in the same context has been transfigured to be more appropiate and fun for children. I also think that the different coloured letters could work for the same reason.
The above is a design work for a Dada review. Some Dada artworks would use objects which brought to mind that in the book Room the main characters, the mother and son would be in the one room with nothing but the objects around them this sort of association made a connection between the two.
The above photo is more of a design work than an artwork, afterall it is a poster. I believe that this design context could work well with the book Room as the concept within the Dada movement was the artists escape from their horrible reality, not unlike the concept of Room.
Hugo Ball was the founder of Dada made an announcement in 1915 which the following artists responded to: Jean Arp, Sophie Taeuber, Tristan Tzara, Marcel Janco & Otto Flake. They all found themselves in Zurich either because due to the war they were not allowed to leave or they had come here to escape it.
Above is the most famous example of readymade art by Marcel Duchamp who begun the concept of readymade artworks. The concept challenged what is considered the meaning of a work of art
The above is an installation piece by Barbara Kruger who is a key figure in feminist art whose combining of typography and black & white photography became a symbol for the positive and negative interpretations of the messages in her artworks. With all of her artworks she tries to avoid complexity as she feels the simplicity will most likely draw people in.
The above piece was made for a womens rights demonstration in Washington in 1989 for which she also wrote a feminist pamphlet that was translated into many languages to help spread the message. The same theme of combining typography and black & white photography applies. She also published books on discrimination as well as designing many things from posters to t shirts and also made video/multimedia installation artworks.