-Although it is not known exactly how and when the game of chess was created, it has been played for almost two thousand years.
- It is believed to have originated in China.
- The first World Chess Championship was held in 1886.
1. Touch- move: If you touch a game piece, you need to move the piece.
2. Clocks and timers- After a player moves a game piece, the same player must tap on the clock/timer.
3. In order to win, a player must checkmate (trap) the opponent's king on the chess board.
The King- Most IMPORTANT chess piece, but is one of the WEAKEST. He only moves one square in any direction on the game board.
The Queen- Most POWERFUL chess piece. She can move in any one straight direction on the game board.
The Rook- They are powerful pieces when they are protecting each other. They may move as far as they want except for diagonally on the game board
The Bishop- This is the only piece that can move diagonally on the game board. Bishops work well together because they cover up each other's weaknesses. There are two bishops per player.
The Pawn- At the beginning of the game, this piece can either move one or two spaces forward on the game board. It can eat another piece by moving diagonally only one space.
Each player has the white color square in the bottom right hand side and 16 pieces. The second row is filled with pawns, the rooks go in the corners, then knights next to them, followed by the bishops, and finally the queen. The king goes on the remaining square.
One rule is called castling. With this move you can get your king to safety, and get your rook out of the corner and into the game. In order to castle, it must be that king's/rook's first move, there cannot be any pieces between the king and rook to move, and the king may not be in check.
The purpose of this game is to checkmate the opponent's king. This is when the king is put into check and can no longer move anywhere on the board.