The 100 is a young adult sci-fi novel written by Kass Morgan. The book was published in the year of 2013 and has since had a show that aired in 2014. In The 100, the remaining human population has been stationed in space for over 90 years due to a radiation outbreak on Earth. The council of the remaining human population come to the decision to send 100 prisoners to the Earth to find out whether or not the Earth is livable.
The space craft where the remaining humans are living in, goes by the name of "Arkadia" or better known as "The Ark." In the book, the Ark is described as being a very complex system that help sustain and maintain human life. The Ark is portrayed very well in the show not only because of it's overall appearance, but its location and functions as well. The appearance of the Ark is truly stunning and the major functions of the Ark are thoroughly discussed in the show which adds to the plot of the story. The first major plot of the book, is that the Arkadia's systems are failing. Knowing this, the Chancellor, Jaha, sends 100 prisoners to Earth: "You have been given an unprecedented opportunity to put the past behind you. The mission on which your'e about to embark on is dangerous, but your bravery will be rewarded. If you succeed, your infractions will be forgiven, and you'll be able to start new lives on Earth (Morgan, 23). Jaha states the same thing in the show right before the prisoners leave for Earth. In the book, the prisoners feel a strong sense of fear for what is to come but, in the show, they are more excited and anxious for their journey.
The main protagonist in The 100 is Clarke. A major difference between the book and the show, is Clarke's parents. In the book, both of Clarke's parents had been executed: "Days after Clarke's arrest and her parent's execution, her grief felt so heavy it was difficult to breathe" (Morgan, 43). In the show, only her father had been executed. The execution process is shown very well in the show. The inhumanity of the way they just release people's bodies into space, is communicated very clearly. The facial reactions of the people being executed is closely filmed right before their body is sucked out of the ship. This really adds the element of horror and surprise. The reason for her father's execution in the show, is because he was trying to let the people on the ship know about the system failures on the Ark. In the book, her parents are executed because of illegal experimentation: "Her mother and father weren't curing these children. They were killing them" (Morgan, 53). This fact really changes the feeling towards her parents. The book causes emotions of hate and confusion, but the show causes emotions of love and grief.
Earth really is a unknown planet to everyone living on the Ark. Of course, there are books and old documents about what Earth was like, but no one really knows for sure if that still applies after all the radiation. When the 100 prisoners arrive to Earth, they are truly mesmerized about what they find. There is hardship in new terrain they have arrived at, but there is peace as well: "But the best part was the quite. The ship had never been completely silent. There was always a low hum of background noise (Morgan, 147). The facts that were once applied to Earth are no longer applicable at this point. Earth was really like an alienated planet at that point. This is portrayed amazingly in multiple scenes in the show, but one of the best ones is when Clarke is walking through the forest at night and notices the luminescent plants and butterflies caused by the radiation. This scene emphasizes the awe the prisoners feel and shows the beauty the Earth still has despite all that is happened.
The worst outcome of the adaptation from the film to the show, is the characters. First of all, half the characters that exist in the book don't exist in the show. Some of the major characters in the book that are not featured in the show are Glass, Luke, Thalia, Sonja, and Grahm. Thalia is actually a major part of Clarke's life in the book. Thalia play the role of Clarke's best friend and holds a lot of care and concern from Clarke. When Clarke was seated in the shuttle going to Earth, all she could think about was finding Thalia: "Clarke squinted as she scanned the rows for Thalia, her heart speeding up each time her eyes landed on another empty seat" (Morgan, 46.) Not only are these characters absent from the show, but there are characters in the show that never even existed in the book. There are 6 major characters in the show that never existed in the book, Raven, Finn, Montey, Jasper, Murphy, and Charlotte. The absence of these characters in the book and the show completely change major plots. It not only changes the flow of the story, but it also affects the mood of the story as well.