Dwarfism Lilly & Hadley

Dwarfism is when an animal or human has a genetic disorder making them abnormally small. To be qualified as a dwarf by the LPA (little person association) you must be under 4' 10".

Genes in Dwarfism: Dwarfism ouccurs when an offspring inherits a dominant gene for dwarfism. If one parent carries the dominant gene their child will have dwarfism, an offspring will only not have the disorder is both parents pass a recessive gene. Also there are 3 different variations of dwarfism

Diagnosis of Dwarfism: Some forms of dwarfism are evident at birth or during infancy and can be diagnosed through X-rays and a physical exam. Others are born normally but stop growing at the age of approximately 10 and are diagnosed with dwarfism.

Category's of Dwarfism: There are two main categories of dwarfism -- disproportionate and proportionate. Disproportionate dwarfism is characterized by an average-size torso and shorter arms and legs or a shortened trunk with longer limbs. In proportionate dwarfism, the body parts are in proportion but shortened. The most common form of dwarfism, achondroplasia occurs in about one out of 26,000 to 40,000 babies and is evident at birth. People with achondroplasia have a relatively long trunk and shortened upper parts of their arms and legs.

Who it effects: This disorder effects children, adults, and people of all ages can get it, and it doesn't just go away you have it your entire life.

Treatment: There is no treatment for dwarfism disorder, and in the future I don't think there will be any cures because it effects gone growth, but maybe one day.

Sources:

http://www.webmd.com/children/dwarfism-causes-treatments#2

http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/dwarfism/basics/definition/con-20032297

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