The One Child Policy
The one child policy was enacted in 1979 by Deng Xiaoping. He created it because the population in China was too large, so in order to slow down the growth of the population Den Xiaoping make a policy that stated women were only allowed to have one child. There were formidable consequences for having more than one child and generally the woman suffered from those consequences more. If a family had more than one child both of the parents would be fined, the second child couldn't be registered with the government so they couldn't have an identification to go to school or anything else a person would need. After having their first baby a woman was requires to get an IUD, and if they did happen to have a second child they were forced to be sterilized. And even though this wasn't exactly seen as a punishment to the Chinese government it was a punishment to the women.
How Did The One Child Policy Effect China Today?
The one child policy was lifted in October 29 2015, In January of 2016 a new policy called the two child policy was created. They lifted the one child policy because the population of China was getting too small, there were too many elder people, and not enough women in the population. Although the one child policy was lifted there isn't many signs of the population of China growing as rapidly as it needs to. During the time period that the one child policy was active there weren't as many women being born as men. The reason that more men were being born was because family's only could have one child, and in China men have better job opportunities and could be able to bring more money to their family's. Because of the lack of women being born there weren't as many babies being born so China became a country where the population was rapidly aging. This was a problem because elder people can't work and need to be taken care of and they didn't have young people to replace them. But lifting the one child policy didn't help as much as they thought because women in China were made to think that all they needed was one child. Because women think they only need one child not as many families had more then one child after the policy was lifted and that's why it wasn't as affective as it was thought to be.
How Is The Legacy Of Legalism Shown In The One Child Policy?
Legalism was a philosophy that sought to make the state very powerful and to control human behavior largely through a comprehensive system of laws with severe punishments for breaking them. And the establishment of the one child policy wasn't as strict as the policies of legalism but compared to the U.S. Government there is a lot of signs of legalism in China's establishment of the one child policy. Legalism was all about having strict rules and consequences for breaking them, and the one child policy made it so that the Chinese government controlled the amount of children women had and if they had more than one they would have consequences.