A Look At The Stage From The Globe Theatre
Thesis: The Globe Theatre has had quite an impact on the world with some of the most famous plays by Shakespeare that we still remember and read today.
Creation and History of The Globe:
Quote 1: "Globe Theatre was an early open-air English theater in London. Most of the great English playwright William Shakespeare's plays were first presented at the Globe. The brothers Cuthbert and Richard Burbage constructed the theater in 1599 from the timbers of London's first playhouse, called The Theatre. They erected the Globe in the area known as the Bank side on the south side of the River Thames in the suburb of Southwark. Shakespeare owned a modest percentage of the theater and its operations." (Seidel)
Commentary: The Globe Theatre was created by two brothers, Cuthbert, and Richaard Burbage. They constructed the Globe on the southern side of the River Thames in Southwark.
Quote 2:"As was customary, Shakespeare’s company, the Lord Chamberlain’s Men, rented performance space. For most of the 1590’s, the Lord Chamberlain’s Men performed in a building called The Theatre. The English actor and theatrical manager James Burbage had built the structure on leased land. Burbage was the father of the famous actor Richard Burbage, star of the Chamberlain’s Men. After a disagreement with the landlord, the company was forced to find new accommodations. Richard Burbage and the Lord Chamberlain’s Men dismantled The Theatre and moved it across the River Thames to a new site in Southwark. There they used the old timbers to erect a new theater called the Globe Theatre. The Globe could accommodate 3,000 spectators." (Lander).
Commentary: In 1590, all of the Lord Chamberlain's Men Performed in The Theatre. They also used the timbers of the Theatre to create The Globe Theatre since Richard Burbage and the landlord got in an argument, so they moved across the river.
Quote 3: "The Chamberlain's Men put on about 30 plays a year at the Globe; generally, two of these productions were new Shakespearean plays. Thus in the 1599–1600 season at the Globe Hamlet had its premiere performance as did The Merry Wives of Windsor. That same season, Ben Jonson's Every Man Out of His Humour had its debut." (Hager)
Commentary: The actors, the Chamberlain's Men, acted out around thirty plays per year at the Globe Theatre. Two of the productions were some of Shakespeare's new plays, such as Hamlet and The Merry Wives of Windsor.
Quote 4: "The Chamberlain's Men, later called the King's Men, was the resident company of the Globe. The theater was also the home of William Shakespeare, who in addition to being the major playwright at the Globe was a member of its acting troupe and one of the shareholders in the playhouse." (Hager)
Commentary: William Shakespeare was the writer of the most famous plays that were performed on the Globe Theatre stage. The actor's during these plays were called the Chamberlain's Men, later they were then called the King's Men instead.
Inside The Globe Theatre and during a play
Quote 5: "Little is known about the Globe's design except what can be learned from maps and evidence from the plays presented there. The Globe was round or polygonal on the outside and probably round on the inside. The theater may have held as many as 3,000 spectators. Its stage occupied the open-air space, with a pit in front for standing viewers. The stage was surrounded by several levels of seating. In 1613, the Globe burned down. It was rebuilt on the same foundation and reopened in 1614. The Globe was shut down in 1642 and torn down in 1644. A reconstruction of the theater was completed 200 yards (183 meters) from the original site in 1996, and it officially opened in 1997." (Seidel)
Commentary: The stage was surrounded by several levels of seating. The Theatre could hold approximately 3,000 spectators
Quote 6: "The least expensive ticket allowed people to stand in the yard, at the base of the stage. These spectators, called "groundlings," were often uneducated or even illiterate, but they enjoyed Shakespeare's plays as much as the more educated theatergoers did." (Orell)
Commentary: The least expensive tickets were one penny, that allowed people to stand at the yard, at the base of were the performance was happening. The spectators who paid on penny were calld "groundlings" since they were very illiterate and uneducated, which lead them to be on the ground, or the "one penny zone."
Quote 7: "It was not uncommon for audiences to bring food and drink into the theater, and even throw food at the stage when they disliked a performance." (Orell)
Commentary: All the spectators of the show would usually bring food and drinks during the show, much like today's theater's and stadiums. When the audience didn't like the performance they would throw their food and drinks at the performers and the stage.
The Globe Theatre Today:
Quote 8: "In 1613, during a performance of Shakespeare's Henry VIII, a cannon shot during a staged battle ignited the thatched roof, and the Globe burned to the ground without serious casualties. Within a year the theater was rebuilt, this time with a tile roof, and it continued to host performances until 1642 when the Puritan government, strongly opposed to all forms of entertainment, shuttered every theater in London. The Globe was torn down two years later." (Hager)
Commentary: While a performance of Shakespeare's plays, Henry VIII there was a cannon that fired during the scene with staged battling that made the thatched roof catch on fire. The Globe Theatre burnt to the ground, but was rebuilt within a year of when it was destroyed, but soon after in 1642, the Puritan government strongly disagreed with all forms of entertainment, so every theater in London, including the Globe Theatre, was torn down.
Quote 9: "Globe Theatre, London playhouse, built in 1598, where most of Shakespeare's plays were first presented. It burned in 1613, was rebuilt in 1614, and was destroyed by the Puritans in 1644. A working replica opened in 1997." (Adams)
Commentary: The Globe was very famous, some people may have become jealous and destroyed the theatre. About 30 years ago they decided to recreate it in remembrance of Shakespeare's historic plays.
Quote 10: "In the year 2000, a new Globe Theater, constructed as a near replica of the one destroyed in 1644, opened near the original Southwerk site. Essentially a museum theater, it provides a venue where audiences can see Shakespeare and other Renaissance playwrights' works performed much as their authors envisioned them." (Cook)
Commentary: Long after the destruction of the Globe Theatre, in the year 2000 they built a replica of the destroyed Globe. It is basically a museum theater that provides a venue where audiences can view some of their favorite Shakespeare plays that were once performed in the Globe Theatre.
Cook, James Wyatt. “Globe Theatre.” Encyclopedia of Renaissance Literature. New York: Facts On File, Inc., 2006. Bloom’s Literature, Facts On File, Inc. www.fofweb.com/activelink2.asp?ItemID=WE54&WID=103800&SID=5&iPin=GERL287&SingleRecord=True.
Hager, Alan, ed. “Globe Theatre.” Encyclopedia of British Writers, 16th and 17th Centuries. New York: Facts On File, Inc., 2005. Bloom’s Literature, Facts On File, Inc. www.fofweb.com/activelink2.asp?ItemID=WE54&WID=103800&SID=5&iPin=EBWXVI196&SingleRecord=True.
J. C. Adams, The Globe Playhouse (1945); J. Orrell, The Quest for Shakespeare’s Globe (1983)
Lander, Jesse M. “Shakespeare, William.” World Book Advanced. World Book, 2016. Web. 17 Nov. 2016.
Seidel, Michael. “Globe Theatre.” World Book Advanced. World Book, 2016. Web. 29 Nov. 2016.
Sonia G. Benson,“Shakespeare, William.” Elizabethan World Reference Library, Jennifer York Stock,Gale Virtual Reference Library, vol. 2: Biographies, 2007, go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?