Genetically modified corn or maize has been engineered to express desirable traits such as resistantce to pesticides and herbicides.
Farmers have spent many years cross pollinating different types of corn to get the specific corn that each farmer desires. This process has proven faulty due to the time it takes and the fact that not every outcome is what is expected. Scientists now use specific mutations created by controlled radiation to recieve the outcomes that they desire.
The expectation of this new corn that farmers and scientists worked for was for it to improve regular corn in every way. They wanted to make it grow taller and stay ripe for longer so they were not rushed to harvest it. They also wanted each stalk of corn to have more ears of corn so they could get more from every harvest. The last thing that they wanted was to make the corn more resilient to harsh conditions.
GMOs help lots of people around the world. They can help them keep farms alive or even feed their families. One pro that GMOs have is that we are able to produce more and more of almost all food because we have designed foods to be more resilient ho harsh conditions. Another pro is that some GMOs are designed to be packed full of vitamins and minerals which helps you eat less for while still retaining all of the nutrients that you need. A third pro of make I get GMOs is that some are designed to survive even in the harshest of conditions. These will prevail through the snow and sleet ready for harvest when it becomes warm.
Even though GMOs have a lot of advantages there are some imperfections that make all of the difference. One con to GMOs is when scientists experiment on foods they sometimes add things into foods that make some people have allergic reactions to. Imagine if you could not eat wheat and you ate a tomato but you did not know that it was a GMO tomato and you had an allergic reaction to it because scientists used wheat to make it grow better. Second, scientists have not found all of the negative side effects of GMOs yet, therefore they should not be allowed on the shelves yet. Third, if scientists were testing on a type of plant to make it grow faster and make it immune to any weed killers and this plant somehow got into the wild it would turn invasive and take over large areas of the country it was made in.
I think that as of now if scientists are going to produce GMOs and put them on the shelves they should put specific labels on them detailing what was added to that food. This would help with allergies and would also let people know more in depth what they were buying and eating.