Kim Jong Nam: Why would North Korea want him dead? BY JAMES GRIFFITHS, CNN

Few words about North Korea

North Korea, officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) is a country in East Asia, in the northern part of the Korean Peninsula. The north and northwest of the country is bordered by China and Russia. The actual capital city is Pyongyang.

History and political aspirations

The history of South Korea explains their actual regime. The state of Korea was under Japanese occupation from 1910 to 1945. But At the end of World War II in 1945, the Korean Peninsula was divided into two zones, the northern part was occupied by soviets and the southern by the USA. North and South were separated by a boarder called the 38th parallel.

Therefore, North Korea was largely influenced by communism.

The DPRK was proclaimed in North Korea on the 9th of September 1948 and Kim Il-sung became the supreme leader. In 1953, after the Korean war, the nation obtained its independence and tried to industrialized the country and to reach a self-sufficiency policy.

North Korea functions are centralized into a one-party republic. The Workers' Party of Korea (WPK) has an estimated 3,000,000 members and dominates every aspect of North Korean politics.

The Juche

The State has remained cut from the rest of the world and distanced itself from the traditional communism, to establish its own kind of communism called: the Juche.

According to the 2009 constitution, it is a self-described revolutionary and socialist state guided in its activities by the Juche idea and the Songun idea.

The politic of Songun is a doctrine which gives a priority to the army in the socialism constitution of South Korea. It was elaborated and developed by the ex-head of state and the son of Kim Il-sung, Kim Jong-Il, following the Juche idea which has the vocation to control the fate of every citizens.

A poor country directed by a dictator

Nowadays, there is a totalitarian dynastic dictatorship headed by Kim Jong-un, Kim Il-sung’s grandson. The personality cult surrounding this family is still effective which result in many propaganda campaigns. The supreme leader is compared to god for the citizens. He is omnipotent and very authoritarian; he has ordered the killing of 340 people since 2011.

North Korea is the most militarized country in the world concerning the percentage of population mobilized. It represents 9 495 000 persons.

They didn’t respect the directives of the UN and launched a nuclear and a special program.

The country is poorly developed as we can see in this satellite vision at night over the pacific in Asia. Contrary to its neighboring countries, North Korea is into darkness. The repercussions are on the population which lives in dire poverty and suffers dramatically from a total lack of freedom.

North Korea has been the target of an incredible amount of condemnations from the United Nation's Security Council for non-respect of human rights.

Kim Jong-Nam, a controversial figure

Kim Jong-Nam was born on the 10th of May 1971is the eldest son of Kim Jong-Il. He lived much of his life wandering abroad, in Moscow, Geneva, Beijing, Paris and Macau.

Kim was exiled from North Korea in 2003, and became an occasional critic of his family's regime and an advocate for reform. He was against the hereditary transfer of power.

He made a series of actions showing dissent to the North Korean regime. He was famous for its interpellation with the police in Japan in may 2001. He tried to go in Disneyland Tokyo with a fake Dominican passport.

He was a strange character, far from sharing the values of his country of origin. He was addicted to gambling and a figure of the prostitution network in Japan.

He was exiled of his country and dishonored. His younger paternal half-brother, Kim Jong-un, was named heir apparent in September 2010. He traveled a lot clandestinely particularly in Japan and find refuge in China.

He finally died in Malaysia in February 2017 at Kuala Lumpur International Airport.

Who ordered the murder?

Kim Jong-Nam arrived in Malaysia on the 13th of February 2017. He was in line at the airport to check in for a flight to Macau when he was attacked by the two women. They poisoned him and could be, according to some sources, North Korean agents.

In fact, He compromised the politic policy and the propaganda of Kim Jung-Un. He was a threat for the North Korean state and a rival for his half-brother. He encouraged Pyongyang to follow china’s example. He had major link to Beijing like his uncle who was executed in 2013.

So, this murder could illustrate the paranoia of the North Korean dictator.

Moreover, According to a preliminary analysis realized by the Malaysian Center of analysis of chemical weapons, it is the VX gas which is responsible of his death. VX is the most powerful of all the neurotoxic agents and is only used as chemical weapon. It is considered a mass destruction weapon by the UN. Two departments are questioned by the information services of South Korea in Kim Jong-Nam's murder.



Written by Arthur GUIGON

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