The first problem: broken promises made by the U.S. Government to the tribes and fear of violence between the two cultures is a mutual thing. In Red Cloud's Speech he says in the first paragraph the things they were promised and what they hoped for, "When we first made treaties with the Government our old life and our old customs were about to end; the game on which we lived was disappearing; the whites were closing around us, and nothing remained for us but to adopt their ways, the government promised us all the means necessary to make our living out of the land, and to instruct us how to do it, and with abundant food and support us until we could take care of ourselves. We looked forward with hope to the time we could be as independent as the whites, and have a voice in the Government." In the 3rd and 4th paragraph of Red Cloud's Speech it describes how the "promises" slowly began to be taken advantage of and their hopes were being snatched from them. In the last paragraph of his Red Cloud's Speech it describes how both Whites and Native Americans are both mutually afraid of violence, "The white men were frightened and called for soldiers. We begged for life and the white men thought we wanted theirs; we heard the soldiers were coming. We did not fear. We hoped we could tell them our suffering and could get help."
The second problem: valuable resources on native land and U.S. Government / people wanting them. This problem is about how the whites found Gold and cool resources that were special to them and they wanted to get to the gold but they couldn't get to it with the Indians on the land. So the whites went against the treaties made and moved the Native Americans off their land. The land that the Native Americans have made their life on and the land that they depend on. All just to get gold... What made this such a big problem is because lives had to be lost to get to a greedy want of the whites. Lives being lost by killing, and being driven out of everything they know as survival and life.
The Third Problem: settlers moving west into native lands, and the two cultures (whites and Native Americans) viewing land ownership differently. The Dawes Act was made to be a solution to this problem. But the problem is that it is not at all a solution, because the fact that it just does what the whites want and it doesn't do anything for the natives. It isn't a "win win" situation for the whites and natives. The Dawes Act is something that in a way makes the natives have to be citizens of the U.S. in order to own land. Also there are valuable resources on native land that the U.S. government/people want.